ʻO kahi kānana hou o SARS-CoV-2 "Omicron": he mea pono ke hoʻoweliweli

Ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei ka poʻe ʻepekema i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2, ka maʻi ahulau i lawe i ka honua i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o 2020. I kēia lā, ʻelua mau manaʻo nui. Wahi a ka mea mua, ua manaʻo ʻia nā holoholona he mea lawe i ka maʻi, kahi i hoʻouna ʻia ai ka coronavirus i nā kānaka, kahi i hana ai i nā hanana maikaʻi ʻole. Akā aia kekahi poʻe e noʻonoʻo nei i kēia mea maʻi infectious he mea kaua bacteriological i hoʻomohala ʻia ma ka Wuhan Institute of Virology. A ʻo kāna leak i alakaʻi i nā hopena like. Ua hōʻike ʻo Luna Nui o ke Kōmike ʻĀina ʻē aʻe ʻo Republican Mac McCall i kahi hōʻike ma ʻAukake 2021 i ʻōlelo ai ʻo ia he mau hōʻike no ka laha ʻana o ka maʻi mai ka hale hana o kēia institute.

ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia inā e hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻO kēlā me kēia hihia, ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoponopono i kekahi mea, akā inā ʻike kēlā me kēia o mākou e pili ana i kēia maʻi insidious, hiki ke hoʻololi i ke kūlana.

I ka wā o ka maʻi maʻi, ua ʻike mua ka poʻe noho o ko mākou honua i nā maʻi he nui o SARS-CoV-2, no ka mea ke hoʻololi mau nei ka maʻi. I Mei 2020, ua maʻi nui ʻo ʻApelika Hema me ka maʻi beta. I Kepakemapa 2020, ua ʻike ʻia ka "alpha" ma Pelekane. ʻO Nowemapa o ka makahiki hoʻokahi: Ke alo nei ʻo Brazil i ka gamma. I hoʻokahi mahina ma mua, ua ʻike mua ʻia ka delta strain ma India. A i Nowemapa o kēia makahiki, ua hōʻike nā kānaka ʻepekema Pelekane ua ʻike ʻia kahi ʻano ʻano hou o ka "omicron" ma ʻApelika Hema a me Botswana. I loko o kahi manawa pōkole loa, ʻike ʻia nā mea maʻi i loaʻa i kēia ʻano coronavirus ma Israel, Britain, Belgium, Hong Kong, Italia, Austria, Australia, a me nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe. ʻO kēia laha wikiwiki i koi i ka honua e pane koke. No ka laʻana, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻo Rūsia ma Nowemapa 28 i ke komo ʻana mai kekahi mau ʻāina ʻApelika. Ua ʻae pū ʻo Ukraine i kahi ʻōlelo hoʻoholo e pili ana, i hoʻomaka i ka lā 3 Dekemaba.

Pehea ka ʻokoʻa o ka omicron mai nā mea ʻē aʻe

he lele hoʻololi koʻikoʻi, e hala ana ma luna o kanalima mutation. He kanakolu o lākou i hoʻopili i ka S-protein - ka spike protein, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā spikes ma ka pūpū o ka maʻi, me ke kōkua o ia e komo a hoʻopaʻa i ka mea loaʻa i ke kino kanaka. No laila, ua lilo ka coronavirus i "contact", e like me ka poʻe ʻepekema, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka maʻi. Eia kekahi, ua kuhikuhi pololei ʻia kekahi mau lāʻau lapaʻau i ka neutralizing pololei ʻana i kēia mau spikes, no laila he mea weliweli kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo.

He ʻumi hoʻololi ʻana me ka ʻāpana ʻē aʻe o ka maʻi maʻi i hoʻopili ʻia ma hope o ka ʻai ʻana, kahi i hoʻokaʻawale ai ia mai ka delta strain, ʻelua wale nō hoʻololi.

Manaʻo nā kauka a me nā ʻepekema: ua loaʻa kēia ma muli o ke komo ʻana o ka coronavirus i loko o ke kino me kahi ʻōnaehana pale kino nāwaliwali loa - aia paha me maʻi HIV. Ua hoʻopuka ʻia kahi manaʻo like ma kekahi mau ʻāina i ka manawa hoʻokahi, akā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hōʻike. Ke manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia ʻaʻole i hele mai ke kānana mai "delta", akā mai "beta" - ke aʻo ʻia nei ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻohālikelike i nā hōʻailona a me ke ala o kahi maʻi coronavirus hou

ʻO ka mea mua i hōʻike i ka puka ʻana mai o kahi ʻano hou o COVID-19 ʻo ia ke poʻo o ka South Africa Medical Association, Kauka Angelica Coetze. ʻO ia ka mea nāna i ʻike i loko o ka haukapila o Pretoria, kahi āna i hana ai ma ke ʻano he kauka lapaʻau, hoʻomaka nā maʻi mai 20 a 40 mau makahiki e noi me nā hoʻopiʻi o ka luhi nui ʻaʻole e hele ma hope o ka hoʻomaha. ʻO ka mea kokoke i kēlā me kēia kanaka, me ka mea maʻi ʻōpio loa o 6 mau makahiki, ua loaʻa pū kekahi tachycardia. ʻAʻole i loaʻa i ka poʻe maʻi nā hōʻailona maʻamau o ka maʻi, akā ua hōʻoia ka hōʻike PCR i ka COVID-19.

Ua hoʻāʻo nā kauka e hoʻohālikelike i ke kānana hou me ka "delta" a loaʻa i kēia mau hopena:

Nā hōʻailona Delta Omicron
Nalo ka ʻala a me ka ʻono I ka hapanui o nā hihia ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia
Hoʻonui ka wela Pinepine Kakaikahi
Uu Pinepine ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia
Ka luhi loa I kekahi manawa Maikaʻi mau
Pōkole o ka hanu Me nā pilikia o ka maʻi pneumonia ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia
Tachycardia Kakaikahi Pinepine
Hoʻemi ka saturation Hāʻule liʻiliʻi hāʻule iki

I Inā mākou e loiloi i nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā ʻano ʻelua o nā kānana coronavirus, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike ʻaʻole kumu ʻo "omicron" i nā hōʻailona koʻikoʻi. Akā no ka mea ua ʻike ʻia i ka mahina i hala, he paʻakikī ke wānana i ke ʻano o ka hana i ka wā e hiki mai ana.

E kōkua anei ka lāʻau lapaʻau

Ke holomua nei ka papahana o ka lāʻau lapaʻau o ka heluna kanaka ma ka hapa nui. nā māhele o ka honua. Ua kokoke pau kekahi mau ʻāina. Akā ʻo ka puka ʻana mai o kahi ʻano mutated hou e hoʻāla ai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Wahi a nā haʻawina mua o ka lāʻau lapaʻau Pfizer, ua hōʻike ʻia ka hopena i ka maʻi maʻi, akā 40 mau manawa nāwaliwali ma mua o ka "delta". ʻOiaʻiʻo, pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia: ua hana ʻia nā hoʻokolohua ma luna o 12 mau mea manawaleʻa, no laila ʻaʻole kiʻekiʻe ka pololei o nā hopena.

ʻAʻole naʻe nā mea a pau e like me ka pessimistic e like me ka mea i ʻike mua ʻia. ʻO ka mea mua, ke hana mau nei nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a ʻo ka lua, ke hoʻololi nei nā mea hana kano mRNA iā lākou i kahi kānana hou. Ua lawe lākou i 6 mau pule no kēia, kahi e hoʻoponopono ai ʻo Pfizer, AstraZeneca a me Moderna i ka ʻenehana hana o kā lākou mau lāʻau immunological. A i loko o 100 mau lā e hoʻomaka ai ka lawe ʻana i nā pūʻulu mua.

He aha ka mea hiki ke hana i kēia manawa

No ka aneane ʻelua makahiki o ka maʻi maʻi, ua lawa ka ʻike e pili ana i ka COVID-19: nā ala o ka hoʻouna ʻana, nā hōʻailona hiki, nā pilikia, nā ala. o ka pale ana. A ʻoiai ʻokoʻa ka omicron mai kona mau kaikunāne, e mau ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo WHO:

  • mālama i kahi mamao kino o hoʻokahi mika;
  • pale aku i ka lehulehu;
  • komo i ka pale pale;
  • holoi lima pono, e hoao e hoopa ole i ka maka, ka ihu, ka waha;
  • ʻaʻa a me ke kihe ʻana i ka kuʻekuʻe a i ʻole ka ʻiʻo;
  • hoʻopaʻa ʻia.

A ʻo ka mea nui loa, ʻaʻole ia e hopohopo, no ka mea, ua kapa ʻia ke ʻano o "omicron" ʻo "ka hoʻomaka o ka hopena o kahi moeʻuhane", e pili ana i ka maʻi maʻi coronavirus.

Ma muli o ka hopena o ka hoʻololi ʻana, ua emi ka pathogenicity (nā waiwai hōʻino) o ka maʻi maʻi hou, e like me ka ʻike ʻia e ka maʻi maʻalahi o ka maʻi, ʻo ia paha e emi iho ana ka make mai na ma'i i hookumuia e ia.. Ma muli o ka manawa, hiki i ka "omicron" ke hoʻoneʻe i nā maʻi ʻē aʻe a pau o ka coronavirus mai ka heluna kanaka, e lilo ana i ka maʻi hanu maʻamau, maʻamau, acute respiratory viral. ka maʻi - ka ARVI kaulana, e hōʻike ana i kahi hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi loa.

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