According to some studies, after a glass of beer, our arteries become more elastic, blood flow improves. It's hard to believe, but in order to understand what processes in the body this intoxicating drink actually causes, you will have to take a closer look at it. Indeed, how much do we know about beer, except that it is a low-alcohol drink made from hops and malt?

What is beer

Beer is an alcoholic beverage believed by some to be the oldest fermented food known to man. Made by mixing grains with water. Then, by adding yeast, the mixture is fermented. The composition of the drink also includes hops, which gives the product a characteristic bitter taste. Modern brewing methods provide for different ways of clarifying the drink, which reaches consumers in the form of a clear liquid with a bright color (the shade varies depending on the variety).

Classification of frothy

There are different classifications for determining types and varieties of beer. The most generalized divides all drinks into 2 types: lager and ale. The difference between the two is determined by the type of yeast used and the fermentation time.

Lager is a soft and weak drink, made from the yeast Saccharomyces carlsbergensis, fermented slowly at low temperatures. The most popular type of foam product.

Ale - fermented fairly quickly using high temperature, made from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Often fruity. It is believed that the Sumerians made just the same ale.

Each of the named types of beer has its own very branched classification, taking into account different characteristics of the drink. But this classification is more often used in European countries. In Russia (where the era of brewing began only under Peter I), the drink is usually classified into dark, semi-dark and light varieties.

A drink given by the gods

It is believed that beer entered human life many thousands of years ago. It happened around the time when mankind took up agriculture and growing grain. Today, no one will say exactly when and by whom the brewing process was discovered, but the first written memory of the drink takes us back in antiquity six thousand years ago to the ancient Sumerians. In their records, the foamy product is mentioned as a drink donated by the gods.

It is believed that Sumerian beer bore little resemblance to the modern drink. It was unfiltered, very cloudy, and contained bitter solids. Therefore, representatives of the ancient civilization drank it through a straw. The Babylonians, who replaced the Sumerians, by 2000 BC had already invented almost 20 varieties of foamy. The tradition of this people was the daily use of a drink, which in those days was often used to pay for goods or as a salary to workers. The ancient Egyptians also brewed beer, but their recipe included dates. The Greeks and Romans loved this product. They perceived the amber liquid as a divine gift received from Olympus.

Later in the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church made its contribution to the development of brewing. Many abbeys and religious communities owed their comfortable existence to beer. And having reached Germany, the drink quickly won the love of the local population. Thus began the era of German brewing. Local brewers in the Middle Ages developed the rules for making a drink, which were then appreciated and accepted by all of Europe. And also the Germans in 1516 approved a standard set of ingredients, which served as the basis for all varieties of foamy. The recipe for an amber drink of the 16th century sample consisted of water, hops, malt, barley, wheat and yeast.

The next breakthrough in the development of brewing occurred in the 19th century, when Louis Pasteur discovered the principles of pasteurization.

Benefits for the body

Worried about 1-2 glasses of beer you drink? Not worth it! Especially if you believe the researchers, who claim that the amber drink brings a lot of benefits to the body. Although it is immediately worth noting that this product (like any other alcohol) remains useful only if it is not abused. But we will talk about the possible harm from it a little later.

Italian scientists, after analyzing the results of an experiment in which almost 200 thousand people took part, came to a very unexpected conclusion. It turned out that those in whose menu a pint of beer appeared daily, the risk of developing cardiac diseases was 31% lower than the standard indicators. Scientists have suggested that such a beneficial effect on the heart is the result of the work of antioxidants -phenols.

Alzheimer's Prevention

Researchers from Chicago made an equally startling discovery. Alzheimer's disease can be prevented with... beer. The researchers concluded that moderate beer drinkers were 23% less likely to develop dementia and other cognitive impairments, including Alzheimer's disease. It is believed that siliconcontained in the drink protects the brain from the dangerous influence of aluminum, which can accumulate in excess in the body and cause dementia.

Diabetes "vaccine"

Another benefit is that this drink will protect against diabetes. According to researchers from Harvard University, middle-aged men who drink 1-2 beers a day are almost 25% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes. The alcohol in the drink increases insulin sensitivity. At the same time, the amber product is a good source of soluble dietary fiber, which is important in maintaining health, including for people with diabetes.

Prevents the formation of stones

And researchers from Finland have found that daily consumption of moderate doses of the drink reduces the risk of kidney stones by almost 40%. This benefit is attributed to the high water content in the product (over 93%), which helps flush out harmful toxins from the body and keep the kidneys healthy. And the compounds contained in hops slow down the leaching of calcium from the bones and the accumulation of the mineral in the kidneys in the form of stones.

Cancer risk is minimized

Beer contains an antioxidant with the complex name xanthohumol. This substance is known to scientists as a powerful anti-cancer agent. Getting into the human body from a foamy product, xanthohumol prevents chemical reactions that cause prostate cancer in men and oncological formations in the mammary glands in women.

Cholesterol is normal

If you are looking for an original way to reduce cholesterol, consider that you have already found it. Beer will help improve the blood test. Barley, which is used in the brewing process, contains a soluble fiber known as beta-glucan. And this substance can effectively lower cholesterol levels.

Researchers at Harvard conducted an experiment with women between the ages of 25 and 40. As a result, scientists noticed that ladies who drink this amber drink are less prone to high blood pressure, which cannot be said about lovers of wine or other alcohol.

Benefits for bones

As noted, beer contains silicon, an element important for bone health. A few years ago, scientists observed elderly people who drank a glass of beer every day. It turned out that their bone density is significantly higher than that of peers who do not like this drink. Although people whose diet contains 2 or more glasses of beer daily, on the contrary, are more prone to bone fractures.

Prevent stroke

American scientists analyzed the condition of people who drink moderate portions of beer, and those who completely abandoned it. It turned out that beer drinkers are almost 50% less likely to have strokes. Scientists continued their research and determined the secret of such amazing results. And everything is quite simple. Moderate drinking of beer prevents the formation of blood clots, which block blood flow to the heart and brain, which, in fact, is the cause of a stroke. And moderate consumption of this drink makes the vessels more flexible and improves blood flow.

A cure for dandruff

Another interesting fact from the “biography” of beer is that it can serve as an excellent remedy for dandruff. The particular benefit for hair is due to the high levels of B vitamins and yeast found in the drink. It is enough to rinse the curls with this amber drink 2 times a week to make them very soft and shiny.

What dangers lie in beer

Barrel of honey, so to speak, we have already tasted, and now it's time for that very hated fly in the ointment. And it is also present in the history of beer, and quite a big one.

The first and most obvious danger of frequent drinking is alcoholism. The second is weight gain. There are several reasons for the appearance of a "beer belly". To begin with, it is worth recalling that beer is far from a low-calorie product: one bottle contains an average of 120-150 kilocalories. But this is not the worst. Another thing is interesting: this drink greatly enhances appetite.

Foamy is contraindicated in people with chronic gastrointestinal disorders, as it exacerbates irritable bowel syndrome, causes dispersion and abdominal pain. It is not advised to use the product for people with depression and mental disorders - under the influence of alcohol, the disease worsens. This alcohol is prohibited for pregnant and lactating mothers.

But the opinions of experts are divided about the influence of a beer drink on the development of oncological diseases. While some argue that froth is a panacea for cancer, others, on the contrary, insist that cancer is the price for loving beer. And they explain: the product contains ethanol, which, after fermentation, turns into acetaldehyde, and this is already a carcinogen leading to tumors.

Other dangers of beer include dehydration. Many try to quench their thirst with this drink. But the doctors say it's not the best idea. Our bodies produce antidiuretic hormone, which helps keep fluids in the body. Alcohol, in particular beer, blocks the production of this hormone, as a result, the body loses fluid even faster.

And who should not touch the drink, it's people with celiac disease (gluten intolerance), because the product contains barley, which is rich in gluten (gluten). Although recently, gluten-free varieties of the drink have appeared on the market.

Nutritional value per 100 g
Calories 43 kcal
Proteins 0.5 g
Fat 0 g
Carbohydrates 3.6 g
Vitamin B3 0.5 mg
Vitamin B9 6 µg
Choline 10 mg
Calcium 4 mg
Magnesium 6 mg
Phosphorus 14 mg
Potassium 27 mg
Sodium 4 mg
Selenium 0.6 mcg
Fluorine 44.2 mcg

Use in cosmetology

At first glance Beer may seem like a somewhat odd skin and hair care ingredient. But in fact, the beauty benefits of this product are enormous. First, it has a low pH, which will help strengthen hair follicles and also remove dirt and oil easily. Secondly, this foamy product contains yeast, which means it is effective in treating acne, slowing down the production of subcutaneous fat.

In addition, yeast is a good source of B vitamins, protein, selenium, potassium, iron, zinc and magnesium, which are good for hair and skin.

Effective uses of beer

Antioxidants, vitamins and minerals contained in the foam product are useful in slowing down the aging process. A mask of 1 tablespoon of the drink, 1 egg white and 3 drops of almond oil will help smooth out wrinkles and "revive" the skin of the face.

Delicious scrub

Beer can also serve as an ingredient in a product that removes dead skin cells. An effective scrub is easy to prepare with 3 ripe strawberries and 1 teaspoon of the drink. By the way, strawberries contain substances that stimulate the growth of new cells.

Foot bath

To calm the feet after a hard day, a bath of a glass of warm water, a quarter glass of milk and beer, as well as 3 canteens will help spoons of honey.

Hair Lightener

This product is suitable for women with blond hair. Regular use will help lighten the hair by another tone, making it shiny and strong. Prepare a mixture of 3 tablespoons of water, 3 tablespoons of beer, 2 teaspoons of vinegar, and 7 drops of lemon oil (essential). Mix the ingredients and apply to your hair. Leave for a few minutes.

To balance the pH of the scalp and regulate the production of subcutaneous fat, a remedy made from milk and beer, taken in equal proportions, will help. Apply before washing your hair for 20-30 minutes, rubbing lightly into the skin.

Acceleration of hair growth

Do you want to quickly grow thick and shiny hair? A product made from hops and malt will help. It is enough to rinse your hair with a foamy drink after each wash. It is left on the hair for 3-5 minutes, after which it is washed off with clean water.

Beer has amazing health benefits. But only under one condition - this drink is consumed in moderation. We must not forget that this is an alcoholic product, albeit with a small percentage of alcohol. And thoughtless games with alcohol rarely end in a happy ending.