Acne scars on the face are often the cause of dissatisfaction with one's own appearance and can lead to the development of complexes. Beauticians and dermatologists have spent a lot of effort to find a way to clear the skin of scars and scars. The most effective way today is facial dermabrasion. The procedure is quite simple to perform, but it is performed exclusively in clinics equipped with special equipment.
Description of the procedure
Dermabrasion is one of the types of mechanical peeling of the facial skin, during which different layers of the dermis are resurfaced in turn. The procedure is highly effective and allows you to get rid of even serious defects. But it should be understood that the process of smoothing the skin itself is quite painful and then follows a long recovery period.
Get rid of acne scars, keloid scars and stretch marks using a special device with abrasive nozzles. The strength of the impact on the dermis depends on the severity of the defects. For example, shallow acne and acne scars are easily removed by surface polishing, but to eliminate deep scars, an intensive effect on the deeper layers of the skin is necessary.
Dermabrasion not only smoothes the surface of the skin, but also serves as an impetus for the activation and acceleration of regeneration processes. Due to the increase in the production of collagen, the skin becomes elastic, elastic and acquires a healthy appearance. In parallel, the synthesis of hyaluronic acid is stimulated, the activity of which remains for a long time after the procedure. This component helps to start the process of natural rejuvenation.
Types of dermabrasion
There are several types of dermabrasion, each designed to solve specific problems. The deeper the scars, the more intense exposure is necessary to eliminate them.
The mildest and least traumatic type is laser dermabrasion. It is used to eliminate acne scars, wrinkles, stretch marks and not too deep scars. The laser beam is able to penetrate even into the deep layers of the dermis and, acting with heat, remove the negative effects of skin pathologies and injuries. After laser resurfacing, the skin is smoothed and rejuvenated.
Diamond dermabrasion is the impact on the skin with abrasive nozzles with particles of a natural material with high strength. Due to the fact that the diamond particles are very small and have the same size, uniform resurfacing can be achieved without severe damage to the dermis. Diamond dust nozzles are effective in removing deep mimic wrinkles, scars and age spots.
Mechanical dermabrasion is a deep resurfacing in which layers of the dermis with significant defects are removed. For the procedure, a special abrasive cutter is used, which evenly removes layers of the skin. This type of dermabrasion allows you to completely get rid of even serious defects - scars, scars and wrinkles. After the end of the recovery period, the skin becomes young and healthy. But the rehabilitation period itself is long and painful, requiring the use of general and local medications.
Facial microdermabrasion is a peeling with a stream of crystalline dust. Cleanses pores, eliminates excessive greasiness, evens out the surface of the skin and its color. Complete restoration of the skin is observed on the 6-8th day after the procedure.
Indications and contraindications for facial dermabrasion
Facial dermabrasion is prescribed and performed subject to indications for the procedure. These include:
- smallpox, acne, or acne scars;
- small and medium wrinkles;
- chronic flaking of the skin due to the development of hyperkeratosis;
- acne rosacea or rosacea;
- scars from trauma or surgery;
- stretch marks;
- excessive pigmentation of the skin;
- Tattoos to get rid of.
The main advantage of dermabrasion is the complete or partial removal of even serious skin defects. Due to the fact that the procedure is performed under local anesthesia, there are no negative consequences for the body as a whole. Another important advantage is the affordable cost when compared with plastic surgery.
But skin resurfacing has a number of contraindications that must be taken into account. It is forbidden to carry out dermabrasion if there are active inflammatory processes on the skin or there is a risk of hypertrophic and keloid scars. At the time of the procedure, the patient must be in a satisfactory state of health. The development of infection, fever, systemic blood diseases, severe cardiac pathologies, liver or kidney failure are a direct contraindication.
Peculiarities of the grinding process
Preparation for the procedure involves taking a general blood and urine test. Additionally, a consultation with a dermatologist is required, which will confirm the absence of direct contraindications to dermabrasion.
For 10-14 days before resurfacing, it is recommended to refrain from drinking alcohol and smoking. A light diet, which involves eating light and healthy food, will not be superfluous. Acne and inflammation often appear from fatty foods, which are a contraindication for the procedure.
First, the beautician cleanses the skin using special products. Then, using a marker, marks all areas that require mechanical grinding. All designated areas are preliminarily anesthetized. Additionally, the use of ice compresses is required - with their help, skin density increases.
Grinding is carried out using a tool with the required hardness. A special freezing spray is applied to the dermis, and the specialist removes all dead cells. With deep grinding after the operation, a sterile bandage is necessarily applied.
The rehabilitation period takes from 7 to 30 days. The success of dermabrasion largely depends on how accurately the patient will follow all the recommendations of dermatologists during the recovery period. At this time, you can not use masks and products for home peeling and sunbathe. The application of ointments and creams with a healing effect is allowed only with the permission of a specialist. Recovery after deep mechanical resurfacing of the dermis is necessarily accompanied by the use of anesthetics.
Several dermabrasion sessions are required to eliminate deep defects. An exception is deep grinding - this procedure can be performed no more than once every 12 months.
The duration of the effect depends on the reason for dermabrasion. For example, scars and scars are eliminated forever. And getting rid of wrinkles is temporary - after 10-12 months they reappear.