Gelatin

Super food - that's what they sometimes say about gelatin. And only if you do not know about its beneficial properties, you can doubt the correctness of such a characteristic. In fact, this, at first glance, nondescript product is responsible for the health of the skin, nails, hair, protects joints from inflammation, tones the body, activates digestion and muscle growth, strengthens blood vessels and cell membranes. In addition, it strengthens bone tissue, improves immunity, removes toxins from the body, relieves excess weight, accelerates wound healing, and even restores healthy sleep. So gelatin is a real super food. But how this powder manages to have such a beneficial effect on the body, now let's try to understand.

What is gelatin

Gelatin is a colorless, tasteless, solid substance, the name of which is translated from Latin as “frozen”. It is widely used as a gelling agent in foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. It is found in most gummies, marshmallows, jelly, ice cream, some sauces and yogurts. In addition to its active use in the food industry, it is used in the process of creating photographs, it is part of drugs that stop bleeding, is necessary for the manufacture of x-ray films, and is contained in artificial plasma.

Gelatin is a unique component of the diet. It is made from collagen, which is obtained from a variety of animal products. This product is a combination of proteins and peptides, which makes it an excellent source of amino acids necessary for a wide variety of processes in the body. For many people, gelatin is associated exclusively with sweet jellies containing dyes and other not the most useful components. But pure gelatin is a dehydrated and powdered broth of bones and cartilage, it is rich in minerals and amino acids (contains half of all essential). The main amino acids of gelatin are glycine and proline, which, by the way, most people do not get in sufficient quantities.

For the production of gelatin, animal products (bones, cartilage and the skin of pigs, horses, cattle), as well as some plants (agar-agar algae) and fish products are usually used.

Nutritional value

In terms of nutritional composition, gelatin is a source of certain minerals, vitamins and organic compounds, including copper, calcium, phosphorus. But the main substance that a person receives from gelatin is protein.

Proteins make up approximately 98% of the total weight of the product.

Meanwhile, this powder does not contain the entire complex of amino acids, which means it cannot serve as a source of complete protein. However, it has many other amazing properties.

Nutritional value per 100 g of product
Calories 355 kcal
Proteins 87 g
Fats 0.5 g
Carbohydrates 0.6 g
Ash 1.7 g
Potassium 1 mg
Calcium 700 mg
Magnesium 80mg
Sodium 11 mg
Phosphorus 300 mg
Iron 2 mg
Manganese 0.1 mg [8 2]
Copper 1.58 mg
Essential amino acids in gelatin (per 100 g)
Leucine 2.6 g
Isoleucine 1.1 g
Valine 2 g
Lysine 3.5 g
Threonine 1.5 g
Methionine 0.6 g
Phenylalanine 2 g
Non-essential amino acids (per 100 g of product)
Arginine 6.6 g
Histidine 0.7 g
Glycine 19 g
Aspartic acid 5.3 g
Glutamic acid 8.8 g
Alanine 8 g
Proline 12.2 g
Serine 2.6 g

Role in the body

A now it's time to talk about the most interesting thing - the effect of this cooking powder on the human body. Many of the functions of gelatin will undoubtedly surprise you.

Weight and metabolism

Some studies have shown that gelatin is an important component that stimulates the production of growth hormone. In addition, it is known that it activates metabolic processes in the body. And its high protein content (approximately 6 grams per tablespoon) makes it a food cravings-killer and prevents overeating.

Gelatin is an excellent source of proteins that activate metabolic processes. Regular consumption of jelly and jelly will help start the process of creating new healthy cells in the body instead of sick and damaged ones, and will accelerate muscle growth.

Wound healing

Proteins are an essential component that promotes faster wound healing. The gelatin formula contains the amino acid glycine, which directly affects inflammation. Thus, against the background of the use of gelatinous food, wounds heal faster, and the risk of inflammation in damaged areas is significantly reduced.

Nails, hair, teeth

Keratin, which is part of the gelatin protein complex, helps maintain healthy hair, nails and teeth. Magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and some other minerals necessary for hair and nails are abundant in this product.

Joints and bones

The proteins contained in gelatin, as well as phosphorus and copper, have a beneficial effect on the condition of bone tissue, increasing its density through additional mineralization. Thus, gelatin is a product that prevents osteoporosis. And some other amino acids and the substance chondroitin relieve inflammation in the joints, serve as an effective remedy for arthritis. In addition, this product is extremely important for maintaining the health of cartilage, which strengthens and protects bones and joints.

Immunity

It is believed that the amino acid proline can strengthen the immune system, thereby improving overall health, increasing the body's resistance to infections and viruses. Gelatin is an excellent source of this amino acid.

Improved sleep

Studies have shown that the amino acid glycine (found in gelatin proteins) is important for improving sleep quality. It stimulates certain neurotransmitters and enzymes that affect the duration and proper cycling of sleep.

Stretch marks and cellulite

By improving skin firmness and elasticity, gelatin helps prevent stretch marks. The destruction of collagen in the body is also manifested by another nuisance known to many women, cellulite. However, introducing foods rich in collagen (containing gelatin) to the diet will help to remove the “orange peel”.

Digestion

Gelatin, combined with water, acts on the principle of fiber in the digestive tract: it prevents constipation, improves peristalsis of the smooth muscles of the colon. In addition, this product has been proven to stimulate the secretion of digestive juices, which is also important for the proper digestion of food.

Gelatin is essentially pure collagen. This means that this substance has important properties that protect the skin from early aging. Collagen maintains the elasticity and firmness of skin cells. For this reason, frequent consumption of gelled products helps to preserve the youthfulness of the skin, makes it toned and elastic, and activates regular cell renewal.

By the way, some scientists believe that the depletion of collagen in the body begins after 20 years, so after 30 it is important to seriously think about additional sources of this substance. However, there is an opinion that collagen creams for maintaining youth are useless. This is explained by the fact that collagen molecules are too large to pass through the skin. And in this case, gelatin will come to the rescue. Taking it orally, improvements in the skin condition will soon become noticeable. Thus, the restoration of youth is important to carry out from the inside.

Liver cleanse

Gelatin foods are rich in glycine, a conditionally essential amino acid that is important for detoxifying the body. Science has already proven that an organism lacking glycine is not able to produce the required amount of glutathione, which is indispensable for the second phase of liver detoxification.

Hormonal balance

In addition to participating in detoxification, this amino acid (glycine) indirectly, through the production of glutathione, is involved in the regulation of estrogen levels in the body. An excess of this hormone in the female body is called one of the causes of cancer. In addition, insulin production also depends on glycine.

In addition, gelatin improves adrenal function, relieves allergies, and prevents bleeding in people with poor blood clotting.

How to take gelatin

form. It is believed that the body needs about 1-2 tablespoons of gelatin daily. As a rule, take it on an empty stomach. Such a daily rate will protect against many diseases, as well as improve the appearance. If the product is taken dry, then it should be taken with a glass of warm water with vitamin C, which will improve absorption. On average, the "gelatin" prophylactic-treatment course lasts 4 weeks. After a while, you can repeat.

Potential harms

The only known side effects of gelatin are belching, bloating and indigestion. But even these reactions are quite rare. There was a period when gelatin was considered a potentially harmful substance. There was an opinion that a person can become infected with animal diseases, for example, mad cow disease. But these assumptions have not been confirmed by science.

Another danger is too long a course of taking gelatin as a dietary supplement. It can cause excessive blood viscosity and high blood pressure.

Gelatin for bodybuilders

The benefits and harms of gelatin are almost completely listed above. But this product has another useful property, which is worth talking about in a little more detail. Professional bodybuilders take this substance to accelerate muscle growth.

Meanwhile, gelatin in the form of a sports supplement is not unusual. This product for people who dream of strong muscles serves as a source of proteins. By the way, an interesting comparison: while in most expensive protein powders the protein content does not exceed 80%, in gelatin this figure is not lower than 95%.

A cocktail invented by Steve Reeves is especially popular among athletes. A famous American athlete took a mixture of gelatin, powdered milk, orange juice, banana and raw eggs.

Another way to restock is edible gelatin in capsules or neat, diluted in liquid. Not so long ago, it was believed that the consumption of pure gelatin is harmful to health, in particular the digestive system. Meanwhile, today, more and more often, researchers prove the opposite: this product is absorbed without problems by the etching organs.

In addition, sports nutritionists have calculated that essential amino acids such as valine, leucine and isoleucine are found in higher amounts in gelatin than in eggs, fish, chicken, lamb and pork. However, in order to meet the daily requirements of essential amino acids for athletes, you will need at least 150 g of gelatin, which significantly exceeds the recommended daily doses of the product.

In addition, gelatin is important for strengthening the joints and ligaments of bodybuilders. The best way to prevent injury and stretch marks while exercising is to regularly replenish collagen, which is known to be found in high amounts in jellied foods. It has already been noted that the production of collagen in the body stops by the age of 30. But this does not mean that gelatin cannot be taken at a young age. In 20-year-old organisms, collagen promotes the growth of ectomorphic (very thin) bones in breadth.

Gelatin in the food industry

In the food industry, this component is used for the production of canned food, in the confectionery business - for the manufacture of jelly, creams, ice cream, sweets. There are many products that we use every day and do not even know that they contain this amazing substance.

The role of gelatin in food production:

  • enhances flavor and color, serves as a protective coating for sausages and some other meat products;
  • due to its neutral taste, it serves as a stabilizer and emulsifier in dairy products and desserts;
  • helps shape various confectionery products;
  • used as a clarifying ingredient in juices and wines;
  • in pies and other confectionery is used as a foaming agent.

What can be made from gelatin

Marshmallow

This delicacy is easy to prepare in the home kitchen. All you need is honey, gelatin, vanilla and water. By the way, some people add probiotics to this dessert, which makes homemade marshmallows even healthier. And cocoa powder or, for example, mint extract will help improve the taste.

Children's vitamins

Most children love chewable vitamins. But they tend to be high in sugar. Exactly the same delicious vitamins, but less sweet, you can try to make yourself. To do this, you will need 8 teaspoons of gelatin, 1 glass of freshly squeezed juice, 2 tablespoons of honey, vitamins and minerals of your choice (for example, ascorbic acid, magnesium, probiotics).

Fruit jelly

You will need freshly squeezed juice of your favorite fruits or berries, a glass of warm water, gelatin (calculated as 1 tablespoon per 1 glass of liquid), a little sugar or honey (if the juice is too sour). Pour the prepared mixture into a mold, after hardening, cut into cubes.

Watermelon jelly candies

This delicacy will delight both children and adults, as it is very healthy and tasty. To prepare, you will need 2 cups watermelon juice, 6 tablespoons of gelatin, half a glass of lemon juice, 2 tablespoons of honey.

Hair medicine

To prepare the remedy, you will need 2 tablespoons of gelatin, a glass of warm water, 2 teaspoons of vinegar and the same amount of honey. Apply the mask from the resulting mixture to the hair and rinse with warm water after 5 minutes. This remedy, used once a week, will help strengthen the hair.

Facial Mask

Although gelatin in the form of food is much more effective, the collagen mask also "works". To prepare it, you will need 2 tablespoons of gelatin, 4 tablespoons of warm water, 2 tablespoons of freshly squeezed lemon juice. Apply the mixture to your face and wash off after 15 minutes.

Weight Loss and Muscle Growth

For weight loss, the last meal should be no later than 3 hours before bedtime. Before going to bed, take a remedy prepared from 1 tablespoon of gelatin, diluted in a third of a glass of cold water, and 0.75 cups of warm chamomile tea.

Gelatin is a delicious product that is useful not only in the food industry. With regular consumption of jellied foods, the health benefits will be noticeable even to the naked eye.