Healthy diet

During adolescence, the body goes through many physical changes - changes that must be supported by a balanced healthy diet.

A varied and balanced healthy diet should include essential vitamins and vital elements, among the main nutrients are iron, vitamin D and calcium.

Eating well does not mean giving up your favorite foods. This includes eating a variety of foods and reducing consumption of foods and drinks that are high in fat and sugar such as sodas, chips, cakes and chocolate. These foods should be consumed less frequently and in smaller quantities.

Tips to help you eat right

Do not skip breakfast

Skipping meals will not help you lose weight, because it is in the morning that the body be charged with energy and a full supply of macro- and microelements. Not having received the necessary portion of useful substances, the body will begin to work according to the “camel” mode, putting any food that enters the body into fat deposits. As a result, skipping breakfast can lead to obesity.

Five servings of fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are good sources of many vitamins and minerals that the body needs in adolescence. Aim to eat at least five servings of a variety of fruits and vegetables a day.

Restriction

Reduce consumption of foods and drinks high in fat, sugar and salt such as sweets, chocolate bars, cakes, cookies, sugary sodas and chips, which are high in calories. Eating too many calories can lead to weight gain and being overweight.

Water balance

Aim to drink six to eight glasses of fluid per day - water and skim milk.

Even unsweetened fruit juice is not suitable as it contains fructose and sucrose. The daily dosage of drinks from fruit or vegetable juice and smoothies should not exceed 150 ml per day - this is a small glass.

Feeling tired

If in adolescence there is a feeling of fatigue, sleep disturbance (mainly observed in girls), then the body needs iron. It is important to saturate the diet with foods fortified with iron.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps maintain healthy bones and teeth. We get most of our vitamin D from sun exposure as a provitamin, but it is also available in some foods.

Calcium

Calcium helps maintain strong bones and teeth. Good sources of calcium are milk and other dairy products, and leafy green vegetables.

Food Serving Size Calcium (mg))
Almonds 50 ml 75
Chinese cabbage (bok choy), after cooking 125 ml 85
Broccoli, cooked 125 ml 50
Fresh figs 6 fruits 150
Fruit yogurt low fat 175 ml 215
Fermented milk yogurt 175 ml 300
Hard cheese 50 grams 360
Fresh skimmed milk 250 ml 300
Orange juice 125 ml 150
Rice 250 ml 300
Boiled soy 125 ml 90
Boiled beans 125 ml 100
Salmon boiled or canned 300 grams 180
Boiled white fish or canned sardines 400 grams 180

Fascination with diets

Diets that promise rapid weight loss are often not nutritionally balanced, meaning the body will not be getting the vitamins and minerals it needs. Also, diets, as a rule, are characterized by short-term results. And for adolescence, such stresses with sudden changes in weight can adversely affect the state of health and hormonal levels.

Weight Loss Diet Rules for Teenagers

It should be noted that a healthy diet for teenagers should only be prescribed by a dietitian doctor. If you develop a healthy diet for weight loss on your own, you can provoke the development of irreversible negative processes in a growing body.

There are several very important rules that must be followed when losing weight in adolescents: 2500 kilocalories, and for boys the norm is 2700 kilocalories);

  • the diet should be fifty percent healthy carbohydrates, twenty-five percent each of fats and proteins ;
  • four or five meals a day (meals should be without skipping and at the same time);
  • for breakfast, you need to eat carbohydrate and protein foods;
  • for lunch, you need to eat hot liquid food (first courses);
  • for afternoon tea and dinner, you need to eat low-calorie foods: vegetables, boiled meat, fish;
  • maximum avoidance of fried and fatty foods;
  • physical activity at least three times a week.
  • If you take into account all these rules, it will be easier to lose weight, and the process will be as efficient as possible.

    Exceptions and recommendations

    A healthy diet should exclude the following foods: sweets, nutrition bars, soda, chips, mayonnaise, ketchup, sausages, sausages, fast food and sweet bakery products, fried cutlets and fried potatoes. The diet should include whole grain cereals, soups, rye bread, seafood, boiled meat ( chicken, pork, beef ), dairy products.

    Potatoes are allowed to be eaten twice a week only in boiled or baked form. Pasta can only be made from durum wheat varieties, cooked al dente (soft on the outside and slightly hard on the inside). For bowel problems, it is recommended to stop eating legumes or reduce their consumption to a minimum. In no case should you refuse bread, you just need to get into the habit of eating bread in a slightly stale form or in the form of crackers.

    It is important to arrange a fasting day for yourself once a week, during this period you can drink fat-free kefir, eat buckwheat, boiled in water, and eat apples (green or yellow). Fasting day involves the use of a maximum of 1000 kilocalories per day. It is absolutely impossible to abuse such days.

    Healthy Diet Menu

    Consider a weekly healthy diet menu.

    Day one: breakfast - two toast with cheese and butter, one soft-boiled egg, tomato medium size and tea without sugar; second breakfast - an apple and one hundred grams of fat-free cottage cheese; lunch - two hundred grams of spaghetti with vegetable salad; afternoon tea - boiled cauliflower with carrots + a glass of fat-free kefir; dinner - fish baked with herbs and a glass of tomato juice.

    Second day: breakfast - three egg white omelet, green tea with honey and one toast; lunch - lean borscht, mashed potatoes and a steamed cutlet; afternoon snack - any three fruits ( bananas and grapes are not allowed); dinner - vegetable salad, feta cheese and baked chicken breast.

    Third day: breakfast - oatmeal with milk, tea with crackers; lunch - pumpkin-carrot soup puree, cottage cheese casserole; afternoon snack - fruit and yogurt; dinner - vegetable salad with tuna and a glass of tomato juice.

    Fourth day: breakfast - milk rice porridge and tea without sugar with crackers; lunch - mushroom soup with three baked potatoes and a glass of berry compote; afternoon snack - apple charlotte - one serving, a glass of warmed milk; dinner - vegetable salad with baked fish.

    Fifth day: breakfast - porridge with water, boiled egg, toast; lunch - a handful of dried fruits ; afternoon snack - baked green apple with cottage cheese; dinner - ratatouille.

    Sixth day: breakfast - pancakes with green tea ; lunch - vegetable soup, pasta with chicken breast; afternoon snack - unsweetened yogurt with a bun; dinner - salad with crab sticks and avocado.

    Seventh day: breakfast - two toasts with cheese and butter, green tea without sugar; lunch - soup with pumpkin, cream and broccoli; afternoon snack - fruit; dinner - vegetable salad and chicken with cheese (baked).

    Contraindications to a healthy diet

    A healthy diet has no contraindications, since its principle is a balanced diet with wholesome and healthy foods. This method of nutrition is also suitable for women during pregnancy and lactation, and even for older people.

    For maximum effect, it is recommended for teenagers to take up any kind of sport: running, swimming, athletics, basketball, etc. Sports will not only affect the figure, but also improve the entire body, and will positively affect the posture of adolescents.

    Healthy eating for teenagers should be prepared by a specialist. Diets for teenagers are dangerous. Lose weight properly and harmlessly to the body.

    Sources
    1. Mikheeva D. F., Mikheev E. R. - Correct nutrition for teenagers. - 2018
    2. Basic principles of nutrition for children and adolescents. - Moscow: Medicine, 2015 - 248 p.
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