Irga

Irga (cinnamon) is a deciduous shrub of the Rosaceae family. Today, there are 19 plant species and several hybrid forms growing in southern and central Europe, the Caucasus, the Crimea, Japan, North America and Africa. Irga is unpretentious, easily adapts to environmental conditions, therefore it is widely distributed throughout the world (birds “spread” the seeds). Often found feral.

Cinnamon was cultivated as a fruit plant in the 16th century in Europe (England, Holland). The berries were used to make wine that tasted like Cahors. Over time, industrial plantings of the plant were carried out (in the 19th century) in the USA and Canada.

Currently, shadberry is cultivated in commercial gardens and home gardens for ornamental and medicinal purposes. Fresh fruits are eaten as an independent dish, a source of vitamins A, B, C. In addition, marshmallows, jelly, wine, jam, compotes are prepared from them. Freshly squeezed juice from shadberry is recommended for people for prevention, beriberi, hypertension, heart attack, myocardial infarction, intestinal disorders, neurasthenia, varicose veins.

Botanical description

Cinnamon is characterized by abundant flowering, decorative fruits, exquisite autumn color of leaves. The plant tolerates drought, cold, shearing well, undemanding to soils. It grows fast and bears fruit every year.

Leaves serrated along the edge, simple, round or oval configuration, light green below, rich marsh above, deep burgundy or yellow-red in autumn.

The flowers are collected in thyroid brushes, placed at the end of the shoots. Numerous, white or cream colored. One pestle. Lower tie. Abundant flowering, fruiting observed on last year's apical shoots.

Fruit with a bluish bloom, shaped like an apple, up to 10 mm in diameter. It has a reddish-violet or bluish-black color, edible, sweet. The ripening period is July-August.

Ways of propagation of shadberry: dividing the bush, root shoots, sowing seeds, cuttings. The growth of bushes occurs by means of root offspring.

Common varieties of shadberry: Eltaglow, Forestburg, Smokey, Pembina, Northline, Sturgeon, Thyssen.

Chemical composition

Cinnamon is a low-calorie, dietary product, 100 g of which contains 45 calories. The energy ratio B: W: Y is 0: 0: 100%.

The fruit contains:

The bark and leaves of the shrub contain tannins, and the seeds contain fatty oil.

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Irga is a source of phenolic compounds, per 100 g of berries there are:

  • leukoanthocyanins and anthocyanins (896-1607 mg);
  • catechins (106.1-281.9 mg);
  • flavonols (127.3-339.8 mg);
  • chlorogenic acids (163.8-258.8 mg).

0.4 mg of carotene, 7.5 mg of ascorbic acid and up to 12.5 mg of riboflavin are concentrated in 100 g of the product. Among macro - and microelements found manganese, iodine, copper, lead, cobalt.

Benefits and harms

Irga is a natural multivitamin remedy that has a positive effect on the human body.

Properties of berries

  • immunostimulatory;
  • restorative;
  • soothing;
  • anticancer;
  • astringent;
  • tonic;
  • antimicrobial;
  • antioxidant.

The fruits of shadberry are frozen, boiled, dried or eaten fresh. They are used in medical nutrition. Dried berries have the second name "northern raisins". They can be ground with sugar and used as a filling for confectionery.

Why eat cinnamon

Berries are consumed fresh or processed inside (as jams, infusions, decoctions). In addition, lotions are made from juice that have a bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effect. They are applied to the damaged area of ​​the body.

  • increases immune defense;
  • removes salts of heavy metals, slags, toxins;
  • strengthens the walls of blood vessels, making them flexible and elastic;
  • prevents blood clots;
  • reduces blood clotting;
  • normalizes the level of cholesterol, the work of the digestive tract;
  • calms the nervous system, helps to cope with insomnia, depression, stress;
  • reduces the negative effects of electromagnetic radiation;
  • strengthens the gums;
  • heals wounds;
  • lowers blood pressure;
  • thins the blood;
  • maintains visual acuity, increases the level of color perception;
  • enhances the regeneration of damaged tissues.

Indications for use

A decoction of shadberry fruits relieves inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. An infusion of flowers is useful in heart failure. A decoction of the bark (when used externally) promotes wound healing, is used to treat bedsores, burns, acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, periodontal disease.

Indications for use:

  • insomnia;
  • varicose veins;
  • angina;
  • stomatitis;
  • beriberi;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • diarrhea;
  • depression;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • diseases of the kidneys, liver;
  • vegetovascular dystonia;
  • increased mental stress.

Contraindications

  • hypotension;
  • idiosyncrasy;
  • acute period of infection;
  • hemophilia.

Due to its strong sedative effect, irgu is not recommended for people planning to get into a car.

Folk recipes

With weakening of vision, cataracts (at the initial stage), inflammation, corneal ulceration, hypertension

Method preparation: 50 g of fresh berries of shadberry are kneaded to a mushy state, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist for 1 hour, filter and squeeze. Take 100 ml of infusion in between meals 2 times a day.

For colitis, gastritis, inflammation of the gastric mucosa

Crushed cinnamon bark (15 g) is poured with boiling water (200 ml), left in a water bath for a quarter of an hour, then remove, wrap with a towel, insist 2 hours. After the specified time, the broth is filtered, and the total volume is brought to the original (add boiled water ). Take 50 ml 30 minutes before meals three times a day.

For intestinal disorders

Recipe for a healing drink: pour 30 g of dry fruits of shadberry into 200 ml of boiling water. Cover the container with a lid, stand for 2 hours, filter and squeeze. Take 70 ml 25 minutes before a meal in the morning, afternoon, evening.

With stomatitis, sore throat

The preparation of an aqueous infusion is as follows: 30 g of shadberry leaves are introduced into 400 ml of boiling water, the container is wrapped in a towel, infused for 30 minutes. Rinse the mouth and throat with the resulting product 6-8 times a day.

In case of anxiety, tension

Regularly drink herbal tea from chokeberry and shadberry berries (30 g each), pepper mint (10 g), brewed in 1 liter of hot water.

In the presence of cuts, shallow wounds, accompanied by an inflammatory process, it is recommended to apply washed, crushed leaves of the plant to the damaged area. These procedures contribute to the rapid tightening and cleansing of abrasions and scratches.

Growing

Irgu is recommended to be planted in spring or autumn in a bright place for abundant fruiting of the plant. Otherwise, her strength will be spent on stretching shoots in search of light. Irga is not capricious, loves fertile soil (sandy or loamy), but can grow in any soil. Acidity doesn't matter. It is not recommended to plant a plant in areas where groundwater is high, since its root system goes 2.5 m deep into the earth. (40 g per 1 m2), kept under black steam. The depth of digging is 15 cm., blueberries, actinidia, gooseberries, currants, raspberries, honeysuckle.

Remember, the root collar of the shadberry seedling must not be buried.

After planting, the bush is abundantly poured with water to shrink the soil (8-10 l), after which the earth is poured into the hole to level the surface of the site. In order for the plant to take root in the soil, near the shadberry they are mulched with peat, humus. After planting the bush, 5 developed buds are left on each shoot, the rest of the ground part is cut off.

Irga is easy to care for. To get a bountiful harvest, it is enough to regularly weed the weeds around it and rarely water it. Occasionally apply seasonal top dressing and prune shrubs.

Irga is drought-resistant, watering is required only in the driest time. It is better to do this in the afternoon - after 16.00, when the heat subsides.

After four or five years of age, every year, fertilizers (2 buckets of humus, 200 g of potash and 300 g of superphosphate) that do not contain chlorine. From April to July, it is recommended to feed the irgu with liquid organic matter - a 10% solution of chicken manure (5 l under a bush). Apply at night to pre-moistened soil (after rain or watering).

It is best to trim the currant as little as possible, as needed.

To do this, follow the following rules:

  • start pruning at 2-3 years of plant life in early spring, until sap flow has begun;
  • plant irgu in a sunny area for light to penetrate into the thick of the bush;
  • prune only low currant varieties.

Vertical shoots in young bushes should be shortened by ¼ of last year's growth. Trim side branches later. This will stimulate the growth of the crown in breadth. Otherwise, it will be difficult to harvest from a tall tree. Sections of adult branches are recommended to be treated with oil paint on drying oil. And on annual shoots you can not lubricate. Do not forget to deal with dry branches and root shoots that thicken the bush. Cut them "on the stump".

Conclusion

Irga is an unpretentious multi-stem bush with strong basal shoots. Propagated by seeds, vegetatively (green cuttings, offspring, grafting). Harvesting is done 2-3 times a year as the berries ripen.

Irgi fruits contain glucose and fructose, tannins, vitamins A, B, C, mineral salts, phytoncides, organic acids. The berries are slightly acidic in taste. Tannins give them tartness and viscosity. Compote, jelly, candied fruit, jam, jam, marshmallow and homemade wine are prepared from shadberry. Berries are eaten fresh or subjected to drying, freezing, conservation. Used as a substitute for raisins.

Interestingly, it is impossible to extract juice from freshly picked fruits of shadberry. To do this, they are left for 7-10 days in a cool place. Within a week, up to 70% of the juice can be extracted from them.

Irga has a therapeutic effect on the human body: it prevents the formation of blood clots, the development of peptic ulcer, fights inflammation in the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract. A decoction of cinnamon fruits has a bactericidal, tonic, wound-healing effect. It is used to treat stomatitis, tonsillitis, insomnia, depression. Berry juice lowers blood pressure, relieves vascular spasms, helps with overwork, alleviates the condition of patients suffering from coronary heart disease. Due to the high content of carbohydrates, the product is not recommended for overweight people.

Irgi berries in combination with rose hips are recommended to be brewed in the winter and spring season to compensate for vitamin deficiency in the body.