Kissel

One has only to hear the word jelly and a viscous, sweet berry meal immediately appears before one's eyes. Definitely warm and flavorful. This drink comes from childhood. But in addition to sweet fruit and berry products, there are also sour grains, which are prepared from cereals with the addition of butter or milk, and act as an independent dish.

History of occurrence

Kissels are very ancient Russian dishes. Their history goes back over 1000 years. People in ancient times fermented (soured) oat milk to prepare this delicious dish. Hence the name of the drink. By the way, then it was practically not used in liquid form. The hot product was consumed with hemp oil, while the frozen product was cut into pieces and eaten preferably with milk or jam. Around the 17th century, the so-called kisselniks began to appear in Russia, who produced this drink in large quantities, and then sold it on the streets and in the bazaars. They usually settled in one area, called Kiselnaya Sloboda. From which later came the names of modern streets in Moscow.

Such jelly, as it is known to us today, appeared in Russia already in the 19th century. Just then, cheap potato starch came into wide use. The sweet, fruity drinks were easy to make and took much less time to produce than the original ones. Therefore, gradually, they almost replaced cereals.

Sour grain products are firmly established in Russian fairy tales and national folklore. Everyone, of course, remembers the famous milky river with jelly banks. And another story about jelly that saved the city is mentioned in the ancient chronicle "The Tale of Bygone Years".

Traditional grain products were considered an obligatory dish at the wake. And at weddings, serving it to guests, they hinted that it was time to go home.

Today, sour kissels are made from flour or cereal flakes, and fruit and berry kissels are made from starch. There are also ready-made powdered or briquette-packed concentrates.

Types of kissels, calorie content and nutritional value

According to the composition of their ingredients, kissels are divided into cereals (oatmeal, barley, rye, wheat, pea and others), fruit and berry and dairy. They can also be cooked from ready-made berry syrups or from a dry concentrate. Usually dairy drinks are prepared on corn starch, fruit and berry - on potato starch. Oatmeal, wheat and rye jelly is put on dough or sourdough.

The calorie content of jelly, as well as its nutritional value, largely depend on the product from which it is made. The tables show that milk drinks are much higher in calories than others. Also, the content of proteins and fats prevails in them, due to the inclusion of milk in their composition. It can also be noted that the calorie content of dairy products may vary depending on the milk on which it is prepared.

Table No. 1. Calorie content of different types per 100 grams of product
Types of jelly Calories, kcal
Berry 79.0
Currant 60.0
Cranberry 53.0
Cherry 51.0
Dairy 100.0
Dry concentrate 357.0
Table No. 2. Nutritional value of different types per 100 grams of product
Types of kissels Proteins Fat Carbs
Berry 20.0
Currant - 15.0
Cranberry 13.0
Cherry 11.0
Milk 2.8 3.2 15.0
Dry concentrate 87.0

Composition of jelly

external, freshly prepared drink can be roughly represented as follows:

  • lysine;
  • vitamins (B1, B2, B5, PP);
  • choline;
  • potassium;
  • lecithin;
  • methionine.

Kissel can take on useful substances and vitamins contained in its ingredients. Therefore, such a composition can be called conditional.

The benefits and harms of jelly

The most useful of all products is oatmeal. All the healing qualities contained in oats, the drink absorbed. Its calorie content is only 100 kcal, so it is recommended to take such a drink for weight loss. It will also be useful for overweight people. Its use helps to increase immunity, stabilizes the work of the stomach and intestines. In general, any kissels have a beneficial effect on the stomach and are recommended for gastritis, since due to their viscosity, they are able to envelop the walls of the stomach, thereby alleviating pain. Kissel is a wonderful source of energy, and the starch included in its composition improves metabolism. If the drink contains blueberries, then it can be used for visual disorders, and cherries will help remove toxins that are dangerous for the body.

Kissel, especially berry, has a high content of starch and carbohydrates, so its excessive consumption can cause weight gain. So overweight people are not recommended to abuse this drink. It is also contraindicated for those suffering from diabetes. But this recommendation only applies to sugary drinks. Oatmeal jelly without sugar is absolutely harmless and will not entail any negative consequences. And of course, it is worth noting that ready-made semi-finished products sold in supermarkets can cause allergies, due to the dyes and preservatives that make up their composition. It is the product that is prepared at home from quality ingredients that is truly useful.

Cooking method

Fruit and berry jelly is prepared on the basis of starch using various berries and fruits. Potato starch is commonly used, but recently it has often been replaced by pectin, a natural thickener containing low carbohydrate content. The consistency of the broth directly depends on the amount of ingredients that make up its composition. For example, for a drink of medium density, you need to use 2 tablespoons of potato flour per 1 liter of syrup. To get a thicker jelly, you need to increase the amount of flour accordingly. Before cooking, it must be diluted in cold water, in the ratio of half a glass of water to 2 tablespoons of flour. It is necessary to add ready-made starch to compote or syrup slowly, in a thin stream, stirring evenly. Cook for a few minutes without bringing to a boil. Thick kissels are usually served cold, while medium-sized drinks can be served warm or even hot. It is best to use them with sugar, milk, cream and sour cream.

Cooking at home

Cranberry jelly is a very effective remedy for colds and flu, as cranberries contain acetylsalicylic and ascorbic acids.

To prepare 200 ml of the product you will need:

  • cranberries - 50 grams;
  • sugar - 3 tablespoons;
  • starch - 2 teaspoons;
  • water - 1 glass.

Rinse, crush or rub the berries through a sieve. Pour the juice into a separate bowl and hide in a dark place, wrap the berries in gauze and squeeze again. Pour the resulting concentrate with a glass of hot water and bring to a boil. After that, strain again through cheesecloth. Add sugar. Dilute starch in ¼ cup cold water until completely dissolved. Pour the starch into the boiling berry broth in a thin stream, stirring constantly. It is advisable not to bring the jelly to a boil, otherwise foam may form on top of it. Cool the resulting drink and pour in the juice, which is obtained from the mashed berries.

Kissel for weight loss

Oatmeal jelly is considered the most suitable for weight loss. Its calorie content is very easy to remember, as it is 100 kcal per 100 grams of product. Cereals help to activate metabolic processes, improve digestion, normalize sugar levels, and remove dangerous toxins from the body. This drink is considered absolutely harmless, so many nutritionists advise taking it constantly.

It is recommended to consume a glass of drink per day, approximately 30 minutes before meals. You need to drink it in small portions throughout the day, or you can replace one of the meals. The duration of therapy should be from 1 to 3 months. For best results, repeat this procedure every six months.

Recipe for oatmeal jelly for weight loss:

Ingredients:

  • a glass of oats;
  • a liter of water.

Boil for 4 hours, adding water if necessary. After that, cool a little and beat the resulting broth with a blender. Dried fruits and honey can be added to the mixture. The shelf life of this product is a week. Store the finished drink in the refrigerator and dilute with warm water before taking.

Conclusions

Kissel is an original Russian drink that is very popular both in Russia and in other countries. Now we often use it as a dessert, or as a sweet drink, but in ancient times it was brewed from cereals and served as a complete, inexpensive and nutritious meal. Homemade jelly made from quality ingredients is very useful for gastritis, helps to speed up metabolism, and boosts the body's immune system. Due to the fact that its composition is rich in carbohydrates, it can be considered an energy drink. Increases efficiency and provides cheerfulness throughout the day. This drink can prevent the development of dysbacteriosis and other diseases. For the most part, jelly is harmless, but you should not abuse it, especially if you have problems with excess weight, or a tendency to allergies. It is better for diabetics to refrain from eating sweet berry jelly, and opt for a harmless oatmeal drink. It is most useful and safest to eat a freshly prepared decoction containing selected berries and fruits. Prepare the jelly yourself and then you can be sure that you are drinking a quality product that does not contain chemicals and dyes.