Nutritionist

Dietetics is becoming more and more popular in today's world. A nutritionist must have a higher medical education and be the best specialist in his field. In addition, nutrition for a doctor should be not only a profession, but also a way of life, where he strictly follows his own advice.

In addition to the need to pass a specialization, the expert will have to improve his qualifications annually. For this, visiting thematic seminars, reading domestic and foreign medical literature with research on dietetics and nutrition is suitable. This can be done by visiting official specialized websites, medical libraries, forums of professional nutritionists and doctors with related specialties.

Often such a doctor has to work in tandem with other subspecialists. Usually this is an endocrinologist, since it is problems with the thyroid gland, glucose metabolism and hormonal imbalances that provoke weight gain. The usual ways of how to lose weight in the shortest possible time will not work here and will only provoke the so-called “yo-yo effect”. This means that all the hard-to-lose pounds come back with terrifying speed, and often the new weight even exceeds the original.

Because of this, weight loss should always be done after consultation with a qualified doctor who will select the ideal diet for each day.

Professional Credentials

Despite the stereotype that this type of doctor only helps those who want to be slim, this is a myth. The specialist equally often works both with those who are obese due to various reasons, and with practically healthy people. The latter ask for help to be taught how to eat rationally, drawing vital energy only from healthy foods.

Sometimes a consultation is necessary for people with serious pathologies such as impaired functioning of the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and other disorders of the internal organs. For such patients, the doctor draws up separate rules for the daily diet, taking into account his individual contraindications and characteristics of the body.

The doctor also willingly helps people who want to follow the rules of a healthy lifestyle, talking about the main principles of the right menu, aimed at choosing the optimal daily calorie intake and restoring the lack of vitamins and minerals. The problems of daily calorie content are especially relevant, since often the food we eat is saturated with "heavy" fats and "fast" carbohydrates. There are a lot of calories in them, but there is very little practical sense.

In today's world, the number of overweight children is increasing, and often the youngest are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. By the way, type 2 diabetes is diabetes of the elderly, and now it is also found in obese ten-year-old children

Therefore, the doctor advises parents for the benefit of problem children who gain unnecessary kilos and suffer from a lack of life-supporting components. Such an imbalance negatively affects the development of a growing organism, resulting in problems with:

  • the skeletal system;
  • muscles;
  • nerve fibers;
  • the heart and blood vessels.

Some people think they can deal with their dietary problems on their own. But usually such "know-it-alls" follow recipes from traditional medicine or the dubious advice of acquaintances, without making adjustments for the individual characteristics of the body. And the advice of a real pro begins with the fact that the visitor is sent to take a series of tests, study the anamnesis and delve into complaints.

None of the appointments that are conducted online by people who do not have a specialized education can be a worthy alternative to visiting a dietitian's office. It is unlikely that even an extra-ace on the other side of the monitor will be able to remotely detect an increase in blood sugar or another deviation that provokes the accumulation of subcutaneous fat. Often, the presence of obesity indicates a beginning dangerous disease - type 2 diabetes.

Also, a savvy doctor will definitely take into account the region of residence of his patients. This will explain why someone suffers from a lack of certain micronutrients, as well as calculate nutrition based on familiar foods. If necessary, those who apply are even prescribed pharmaceuticals, which can only be done by a person with a medical education.

Separately, situations are considered when a person comes to the appointment, who previously used various biologically active supplements or Herbalife to stabilize the condition. It often happens that as soon as a woman quits taking them, her health declines sharply.

And the matter is not only in the return of weight to its original position, but also in complications, up to the need for emergency hospitalization in intensive care. That is why various methods of self-treatment, or appointments made by non-medical workers, are best avoided.

Reasons for applying

The most optimal reason for applying is to help in the prevention of various ailments and the realization that it is time to start taking care of yourself before the crisis, and not after.

But, if we focus on the feedback of patients, most of them still fall short of the last. Most often, overweight people already have complications of varying severity from the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and endocrine systems.

Also among the popular reasons for appeals are complaints about the condition of hair and nails. It will be possible to influence this only from within the body, but not by cosmetic measures, which only temporarily improve the situation somewhat. Deficiency of certain trace elements, or violations of the digestive system automatically guarantee brittle teeth, dull hair and weak nails.

Most gastroenterologists are strongly advised to consult a nutritionist when confirming the following diagnoses in a patient:

  • peptic ulcer;
  • gastritis;
  • colitis;
  • cholecystitis.

In such cases, the nutritionist prepares a weekly menu based on prohibited and permitted foods.

Patients with two opposite diseases also deserve attention:

  • obesity;
  • anorexia.

The first group often complains that although they adhere to the basics of proper nutrition, almost sleeping in the gym, they cannot achieve the expected goal. All the difficulties here are based on a complete disregard for the regularities of the metabolic processes of a particular organism. It is not for nothing that nutritionists preach an individual approach to everyone, trying to start a dormant metabolism.

The same story applies to those who suffer from anorexia. Young girls are especially susceptible to it, who, in pursuit of mythical fashionable standards, torture themselves with hunger strikes. To achieve their goals, they not only refuse to eat, but also take various drugs without the permission of a doctor.

These patients have a metabolic rate that is as erratic as that of the "dumplings", so they need help. In especially neglected cases, they are even hospitalized in specialized clinics, where they are taught anew to eat and enjoy life.

The advice of a nutritionist will also help those who often encounter infectious and viral diseases. They will not be able to replace medicines for treatment, but they will support the body in the framework necessary for an accelerated recovery.

A similar scheme is used by experts who provide assistance to cancer patients. Every year, scientists discover more and more products that have a proven anti-cancer effect. If you include them in your diet every day, you will be able to maintain health during therapy, and then reduce the risk of relapse.

Tests and diagnostics

There is no strictly defined list of products that would be considered a universal lifesaver for everyone who turned to a nutritionist. There are several reasons for this:

  • gender, age;
  • physical activity;
  • existing chronic diseases;
  • allergic reactions;
  • idiosyncrasy;
  • the needs of the body;
  • bad habits;
  • features of the geography of the visitor's place of residence.

A nutritionist should use an individual approach to each person who turns to him for help. During the first visit, the patient must fill out a special short questionnaire, and, if possible, bring their medical card. This is necessary so that the doctor learns about the characteristics of the body, the presence of allergic reactions, including medications, hereditary diseases and genetic risks, if any. Otherwise, if there is no medical card, the doctor is obliged to question the patient in great detail. And only after that he will be sent to take a series of additional clinical tests.

Usually, everything is limited to a standard set of general clinical tests, including:

  • complete blood count;
  • urinalysis;
  • blood sugar test;
  • OAM (general urinalysis);
  • BAC (biochemical blood test).

If there is any suspicion of a certain deviation, an in-depth additional examination and instrumental methods of research are prescribed, for example, electrocardiography, ultrasound examination, and others.

Experts also insist that the applicant be tested for thyroid hormones and sex hormones, even if he has never had complaints about their functioning before. A huge percentage of all the root causes of obesity lies precisely in the disruption of the functioning of the thyroid gland and the hormonal system.

Then the treatment will not be limited to scheduling nutrition and active physical activity. You will have to connect to the help of an endocrinologist and, possibly, an endocrinologist-gynecologist, who will prescribe a special medication.

Trying to start eating healthy on your own without first being clinically examined is a waste of time, effort, and even encourages the risk of hurting yourself even more.

Better sooner than later

To all those who still doubt the advisability of contacting a nutritionist, the pros advise to play it safe. It is likely that nothing serious is happening to the person, and he will simply be advised to adhere to standard dietary rules.

They provide for not eating late in the day. The ideal time for dinner is considered to be approximately two hours before the intended sleep. Doctors also insist that it is more convenient for the body to digest food in small portions more often than to eat up once a day to satiety, overloading an already distended stomach. You should also chew your food thoroughly and eat slowly.

Another piece of advice is the need to drink a glass of water at room temperature half an hour before the start of the meal. Such a simple measure is designed to wake up the stomach, setting it to work.

But drinking immediately after eating is a bad idea. You need to wait at least half an hour, and only then go to drink tea or coffee. It is also worth remembering that for health, it is better to cook meat, send it to a double boiler, or bake it, and not fry it in any way.

Another valuable tip is to replace a larger percentage of animal fats in food with vegetable fats and completely avoid “trans fats” such as fast food, margarine, mayonnaise and others. But one should not go to extremes, completely abandon animal products, because this negatively affects the functioning of the body as a whole.

The final recommendation is to smoothly exit a strict diet, rather than celebrating recently lost pounds with hearty treats the day after it is completed.