Oatmeal

Nothing seems to make a better morning than a plate of steamed oatmeal. Although by and large it does not matter in what form oatmeal is used: in the form of milk porridge, as a component of a cocktail or other dishes, it still remains a delicious product and the perfect breakfast of British aristocrats.

What is oatmeal

Oatmeal is simply parboiled and flattened grains of ordinary oats. And although today many consider Hercules to be a modern dish, in fact this porridge is more than a thousand years old - the ancient Greeks were the first to cook it.

Modern oats have their “pedigree” from a wild relative that “populated” the expanses of China about 7,000 years ago. Ancient people actively used the benefits of this cereal. Meanwhile, long before oats became food, ancient people used it as a medicinal plant. Over time, this porridge has become a favorite for many Europeans. She confidently entered the cookbooks of the Scots, the British, the Germans, the inhabitants of Scandinavia, and in the 17th century reached the shores of America. Today, the largest producers of oats are Russia, USA, Poland, Germany, Finland.

Oats, also known as Avena Sativa, are a common cereal in the world, picky about the soil and can produce excellent crops in places where other cereals are more difficult to live. And the incredible power of this plant seems to be transmitted to those who eat food from oat grains. And, as it turned out, our mothers were right when they said that oatmeal gives energy and strength.

Useful properties

As a rule, oats are included in the diet of a modern person in the form of oatmeal, from which cereals, bakery products (oatmeal bread, cookies) are prepared, fast food breakfasts. And in recent years, interest in this porridge has grown significantly. Not least because of its high fiber content and ability to lower cholesterol. Researchers believe that oatmeal effectively protects a person from cancer, cardiac disorders and other equally dangerous diseases. And what else is the use of oatmeal porridge - now we will find out in more detail.

Healthy heart

For 10 years, a group of scientists have observed people who cannot imagine themselves without oatmeal. It turned out that such individuals are less at risk of problems with coronary vessels than others. The researchers suggested that the reason for such good performance lies in the fiber, which is rich in oatmeal.

Cancer Advocate

More people have come under the spotlight of British and Dutch scientists. They observed the lives of their fellow citizens and representatives of other nationalities in order to understand how oatmeal affects the condition of the intestines. Bottom line: Individuals whose breakfast includes oatmeal are less likely to develop colorectal cancer. Moreover, scientists have calculated that it is enough to receive 10 g of fiber daily, including from oatmeal, to reduce the risk of cancer by 10%.

Blood pressure regulator

At the same time, Americans came to the conclusion: people whose diet includes whole grains (and oats just belong to those) may not worry about a possible sharp increase in blood pressure. As scientists have seen, a whole grain diet affects the human body in the same way as antihypertensive drugs.

The role for digestion and protection against obesity

And although this seems to have been known for a long time, it was only a few years ago that the British laboratory proved that oatmeal for a long time provides a feeling of satiety, improves overall metabolism and the functioning of the digestive system. Whole grains are great for the gastrointestinal tract, reducing the risk of chronic disease and obesity. Oatmeal also has a fairly low glycemic index, which makes it a good product for weight watchers. The rich fiber content keeps you feeling full for a long time. By the way, many successfully test the effectiveness of the oatmeal diet for weight loss.

Another interesting discovery was made by researchers. Beta-glucate, acting on the intestines, causes the production of the so-called satiety hormone, which leads to a decrease in calories consumed, and ultimately prevents obesity.

And one more thing. Elderly people often suffer from constipation and irregular bowel movements. Many of them resort to laxative medications, although oatmeal can be used instead of pills. Porridge has a slight laxative effect, and in addition, it supplies the body with many nutritional components. The experiment showed that the consumption of oatmeal for 12 weeks in the form of porridge, dessert or ingredient in soups significantly improves intestinal motility. Almost 60% of the participants in the experience after a 3-month oatmeal diet completely abandoned laxative medications.

Antioxidants in porridge

Oatmeal contains a large amount of antioxidants and beneficial substances called polyphenols. But perhaps the most famous is a group of antioxidants - avenanthramides. These are unique substances that are found in nature only in oats. These amazing compounds regulate blood pressure levels by producing nitric oxide in the body. The molecule of this substance helps to dilate blood vessels and improve blood flow. In addition, avenanthramides have anti-inflammatory properties and also relieve itching. Another powerful "oatmeal" antioxidant is ferulic acid.

Delicious fiber

Oatmeal is an extremely high fiber food. Among them is a special type of fiber - soluble beta-glucan, which helps regulate cholesterol levels. Once in the body, beta-glucan dissolves in liquid and forms a thick gel-like substance. It restores the beneficial bacteria in the gut, promotes satiety, lowers cholesterol and sugar in the blood.

Protection for children from asthma

Asthma (an inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract) is a very common chronic disease among children. And although not all patients have acute symptoms, but recurrent cough, wheezing, shortness of breath are characteristic of many of them. Some researchers suggest that one of the reasons for the development of asthma is the early introduction of solid foods in the diet of babies. But interestingly, this warning does not apply to oatmeal. On the contrary, the early introduction of oatmeal porridge into the children's diet only strengthens their immunity and strengthens the body.

​​

There are also other benefits of oatmeal:

  • prevents diabetes;
  • increases athletic endurance;
  • strengthens the immune system;
  • improves sleep.

Hercules is used in folk medicine:

  • to strengthen teeth and bones;
  • for the treatment of digestive organs;
  • as an antidepressant;
  • for excretion of carcinogens;
  • for the treatment of the genitourinary and endocrine systems;
  • for anemia, gastritis, colitis, poisoning;
  • to restore the gastric mucosa;
  • for edema;
  • for cleansing the kidneys, liver, blood vessels.

Infusion of oatmeal to cleanse the body

Another name for this remedy is oat milk. It's easy to prepare. To do this, you will have to pour about a third of a glass of oatmeal with boiled water (cooled). Let the mixture brew (you can overnight), then strain. Oat milk is recommended by folk healers to be consumed daily on an empty stomach with a small amount of honey. They say that such an infusion has incredible healing properties, removes toxins, and instead enriches the body with many useful substances.

Nutritional value

Oats are one of the healthiest grains. In addition to being gluten-free, it is also extremely high in vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants.

In addition, oatmeal is known as a porridge, extremely rich in useful ingredients. The product earned this fame thanks to manganese, selenium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, vitamin E, carotenoids and flavonoids, which are part of its composition. Manganese, for example, is important for healthy growth, development, and metabolism, phosphorus is essential for bone health, copper is considered good for the heart, and iron prevents anemia. You can also talk about the benefits of selenium for a long time, since it is an important antioxidant on which immunity and the ability to resist oncological formations depend.

Hercules has a reputation as a porridge for weight loss and blood sugar, preventing heart disease and clogged blood vessels, and many other health benefits.

Nutritional value per 100 g
Calories ) 362 kcal
Proteins 11.9 g
Fat 6.9 g
Carbohydrates 69.5g
Vitamin A 772 mcg
Vitamin E 0.51 mg
Vitamin K 1.9 mcg
Vitamin B1 0.45 mg
Vitamin B2 0.05 mg
Vitamin B3 1.03 mg
Vitamin B5 1.2 mg
Vitamin B6 0.08 mg
Folic acid 32 mcg
Choline 27.7 mg
Calcium 351 mg
Iron 24.72 mg
Magnesium 128 mg
Phosphorus 423 mg
Potassium 366 mg
Sodium 220 mg
Zinc 2.51 mg
Copper 0.36 mg
Manganese 3.39 mg
Selenium 23.2 mg

Oatmeal for breakfast: the right recipe

As already noted, oatmeal can be consumed in different forms, but the most popular is porridge for breakfast. For the simplest way to prepare breakfast, you will need half a glass of oatmeal, a glass of milk or water, and a pinch of salt.

The ingredients are mixed in a saucepan and brought to a boil, then the heat is reduced and the porridge is boiled until soft. Additional ingredients will help make oatmeal more tasty and nutritious. It can be cinnamon, fruits, nuts, seeds or yogurt.

In addition, oatmeal is often used for baking bread, delicious oatmeal cookies and making muesli.

Possible hazards

​​

Although oats are gluten-free, oatmeal can sometimes contain small amounts of gluten. This happens when the grains are processed with the same equipment as other gluten-containing grains. This is important to pay attention to people with celiac disease or hypersensitivity to gluten.

Cosmetic benefits

It is no coincidence that oat extract is included in many skin care products. Also, home-made cosmetics rarely do without an important component - oatmeal.

Scientists have determined that oatmeal has a protective effect on the skin, relieves itching and irritation caused by various skin diseases. Practice shows that oatmeal is an excellent cure for eczema. In addition, hercules helps to moisturize the skin and protect against potential irritants, and thanks to its rich mineral and vitamin composition, it nourishes and improves the condition of the epidermis.

Benefits for hair

Hercules is not only good for digestion, this product also provides proper nutrition for hair. There are hundreds of variations of homemade hair beauty recipes using oatmeal. An impressive list of useful substances contained in this porridge makes it an indispensable substance for strengthening and accelerating the growth of hair.

As a rule, most oatmeal masks use flakes ground to a state of flour, which are combined with other healthy products (vegetable oils, yogurts, kefir, eggs, honey, vitamins). The finished product should have the consistency of thick sour cream. Keep on hair for at least 30 minutes.

Oatmeal is an amazing porridge with a rich chemical composition. It is an excellent source of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, including unique ones. The benefits of this cereal have been known to people for many centuries. And having learned about his amazing abilities, it becomes clear why the famous "Oatmeal, sir!" the British pronounce it with such respect. After all, if it were possible to rank all known cereals by class, Hercules would undoubtedly be the most revered aristocrat among other cereals.

Sources