It is said that vitamin C in the fruits of this plant is much more than in lemons, and the fruit acids contained in its fruits are indispensable for maintaining youthful skin. Rosehip oil, made from rosehip flowers, is used as a sedative, a cure for migraines and depression. And what can be compared with tasty and healthy tea from these bright red fruits? Even the ancient Romans treated rose hips for more than three dozen diseases.
Rosehip is a wild thorny leafy shrub from the Rosaceae family, widely distributed in Europe, Western Asia and Africa. Many species of this plant are known and most of them have medicinal properties that are difficult to overestimate. Rosehip is a fairly common plant in our latitudes.
Its red juicy fruits are harvested in autumn. It is them, as well as wild rose flowers, that are used in folk medicine and cosmetology. Usually medicinal tea is brewed from the fruits, but in addition, these bright scarlet berries make delicious jam, jelly, marmalade, which also have properties that are beneficial to humans. Raw rose hips are rarely eaten due to their specific taste and “biting” seeds. Interestingly, during the Second World War, children were regularly given the berries of this plant to restore vitamin C supplies in Britain.
Useful properties of wild rose
Useful properties of wild rose were known in ancient times. For a restful sleep, the ancient Romans stuffed pillows with the petals of this plant. Today, rose hips are known as one of the richest sources of vitamin C (about 20-30 times more vitamin C than citrus fruits). Just 1-3 fresh berries are enough to cover the body's daily need for ascorbic acid. Meanwhile, long-term drying of fruits even at low temperatures (about 40 degrees Celsius) leads to the loss of almost 75 percent of vitamin C.
It is important to understand that the longer the fruits are stored, the less useful substances remain in them.
In addition to ascorbic acid, these red berries supply the body with vitamins P, K, E, A, substances of group B, bioflavonoids, carotenoids, tannins and pectin substances, carbohydrates, organic acids, essential oils and mineral salts.
These tart berries are useful for treating dysentery and diarrhea. Flavonoids in combination with vitamin C have powerful antioxidant properties. Rose hips are also extremely useful in the fight against colds and infectious diseases, flu, and pneumonia.
Wild rose has mild diuretic and laxative properties, and the presence of iron makes it useful in anemia and bleeding.
Diseases and conditions for which it is useful to consume rose hips:
- weakened immune system;
- fragility of blood vessels;
- kidney and liver stones;
- gastrointestinal catarrh;
- stomach ulcer;
- vascular fragility.
Antioxidants are indispensable components for the human body, on which, without exaggeration, life expectancy depends. These unique substances protect cells in the body from the effects of free radicals. And they, as you know, are one of the causes of the formation of tumors, because they cause the degeneration of healthy cells. But what does the wild rose have to do with it, you ask. The thing is that Hungarian researchers, after a thorough analysis of the chemical formula of wild rose berries, came to the conclusion that they contain at least 6 substances with antioxidant properties. And that is not all. Experiments with these antioxidants have shown that they are more effective than many other similar substances known in nature.
Turkish herbalists have long studied the properties of rose hips, including the effect of this plant on diabetic organisms. Pharmaceutical scientists came to their aid, who tested the correctness of the theory on laboratory rats. As it turned out, the substances contained in the wild rose increase the body's susceptibility to insulin. This reduces the risk of hyperglycemia (a sharp increase in the level of glucose in the bloodstream). Also, against the background of the consumption of rose hips, the number of hypoglycemias (an abnormal decrease of sugar in the blood) decreased. The results of this study were announced by Turkish scientists back in 2009. But experiments in this area are still ongoing.
Protection against melanoma
In order to protect the skin from damage from the sun's rays, the dark pigment melanin is produced in the skin. Melanoma is perhaps one of the most dangerous types of cancer known today, caused by the degeneration of skin cells. Scientists, exploring the uncontrolled process in tissues, focused on tyrosinase, an enzyme necessary for the healthy formation of melanin. And a group of Japanese scientists made a startling discovery: rose hips contain quercetin, a flavonoid responsible for suppressing excessive production of tyrosinase (and thus preventing skin cancer).
Italian scientists stated that rosehip is an effective anti-inflammatory agent. The researchers came to this conclusion after analyzing the relationship between wild rose fruits and the development of arthritis. An experiment conducted on laboratory rats led scientists to conclude that rose hips affect inflamed joints in a similar way to the drug indomethacin. Meanwhile, natural medicine does not cause stomach irritation. In addition, the extract of these red berries was found to be better at reducing joint swelling than algae-based preparations (a well-known effective remedy for joint pain).
Recently, scientists have learned about another amazing property of wild rose. The plant extract helps lower blood pressure and so-called bad cholesterol (low-density lipoproteins that cause atherosclerosis). Scientists conducted this experiment with the participation of overweight volunteers. It turned out that rose hips are extremely useful for obese people, in particular, to strengthen their cardiovascular system. As you know, being overweight is one of the most common causes of heart disease. To confirm their words, Swedish and Norwegian researchers announced the results of the experiment. It turned out that in people taking 40 g of rose hips (in powder) daily with apple juice, after 6 weeks, total cholesterol decreased by 4.9%, "bad" cholesterol fell by 6%, and blood pressure stabilized in 27 of 31 study participants.
Treatment of stomach diseases
Indigestion, cramps, insufficient production of gastric juices - rose hips can cope with these problems. Fruit tea is also useful for peptic ulcers of the digestive tract and intestinal irritation. Rosehip is useful for getting rid of diarrhea, gallstones, urinary tract infections, gallbladder diseases.
The protective properties of the wild rose have been known to mankind for a very long time. It is enough to drink a glass of herbal tea daily to protect yourself from viral and bacterial diseases. This drink not only perfectly quenches thirst, but also strengthens the immune system, relieves chronic fatigue, improves blood circulation in the limbs.
Rosehip oil: who and when is it useful
Wild rose fruit oil consists of a large amount of vitamin A, which is known for its healing and restorative properties, in particular for skin cells. Therefore, rosehip oil is especially useful in such cases:
- for moisturizing sensitive skin, suitable even for babies;
- to restore a healthy complexion;
- to prevent wrinkles, dark spots, freckles;
- for smoothing post-surgical scars (approximately 12 weeks of treatment);
- to remove toxins from the body;
- for protection from solar radiation;
- for the treatment of dermatitis, acne, eczema;
- to restore dry and brittle hair;
- to improve scalp texture.
In what forms it is useful
Perhaps the most popular form of consumption of rose hips is tea. But in addition, it can be used to make syrups, wines, powder and get oil. Each form has its own unique properties.
Rosehip oil is a traditional cosmetic, suitable for many therapeutic purposes, but causes allergies in some people.
Syrup - a drink to strengthen the immune system, has the properties of an analgesic, is used in various therapeutic programs.
Powder - obtained from dried and crushed fruits, retains almost all the beneficial properties of fresh berries (if properly harvested), used to treat joints, in particular externally for the treatment of pain in rheumatoid arthritis.
Tea is actively used in folk and traditional medicine.
Wine - if you do not abuse the drink, it will also benefit the body.
Wild rose in folk medicine
Rose hips are extremely rich in vitamins, in folk medicine they are most often used for hypertension, heart and liver diseases. Also, these red fruits are effective as an anti-inflammatory and tonic, a cure for scurvy and disorders in the digestive tract. The fruits are part of expectorant herbal preparations, teas for the liver.
The flowers of this plant are also often used by traditional healers. Due to the rich content of flavonoids, anthocyanins, tannins and essential oils, these pale pink petals serve as a remedy for skin diseases, sore throats, and stomach disorders. Cosmetologists advise washing your face with infusions of rosehip petals to refresh its tone and smooth out wrinkles. Oil obtained from fresh petals is added to creams and soaps.
Due to the presence of many vitamins, pectin, amino acids and organic acids, rosehip extract effectively moisturizes, softens and smoothes the skin, promotes relaxation of epidermal cells. Fruit acids, which are part of the fruit, are effective in the treatment of acne and pimples. And to strengthen nails and hair, you can use masks using wild rose fruit oil.
The tincture prepared according to this recipe is used as a remedy for proper digestion, increasing appetite, and improving metabolism. To achieve the desired effect, drink 2 times a day for 20-30 g.
The tincture is prepared from 500 g of rose hips, to which a glass of sugar and 750 ml of vodka are added. Leave for a week in a warm place, shake the contents of the vessel from time to time. Strain the finished drink through cheesecloth, store in the refrigerator.
How and when to pick
Rosehip petals should be picked at the start of flowering in dry weather. Spread fresh flowers as quickly as possible in a thin layer and dry in a warm, well-ventilated area. In this case, an important condition is to avoid direct sunlight on the petals.
Berries are harvested when fully ripe. As a rule, this period lasts from August to October. Herbalists say that it is possible to collect overripe fruits, as well as after the first frost, however, in such berries the content of vitamin C is much lower. The fruits are dried according to the same principle as the petals as a whole or cut in half.
Rose hips are generally not harmful to humans. But there are times when it should be consumed with extreme caution.
Powder from these berries may cause respiratory irritation. People allergic to wild rose may experience redness and itching of the skin, swelling of the mouth and difficulty breathing. Resistance to rose hips or excessive passion for its fruits can cause abdominal cramps, bloating, vomiting, and indigestion.
Another not-so-great piece of news is that excessive consumption of concentrated rosehip teas can impair iron absorption and high vitamin C levels can sometimes lead to high blood acid levels, which can lead to development of sickle cell anemia.
Pregnant and nursing mothers should also take wild rose extracts with extreme caution.
For many, the wild rose is just a wild bush with beautiful delicate flowers and bright berries that adorn autumn landscapes. In fact, in addition to aesthetic functions, the wild rose has many other properties that are beneficial to humans. This plant can deservedly be called salvation from most diseases.