Slimes are commonly referred to as substances belonging to the class of polysaccharides, the chemical formula of which resembles cellulose and pectin.

General characteristics

Mucus is a substance usually colorless (or with a slight shade of yellow) and odorless. Sometimes it has a sweet taste, easily soluble in water.

There are several types of mucus: water, viscous, sticky colloid.

These water-soluble carbohydrates are often found in starches and glycogen. In terms of chemistry, mucus and gum are very similar substances. The main difference is that the gum is obtained in the form of a solid substance. If we compare mucus with another polysaccharide - starches, then the most obvious difference is the absence of starch grains in them.

The combination of mucus and water results in a gel-like substance. For a person, it can be both useful and harmful - it all depends on the amount. In adequate doses, sputum is able to reduce the level of cholesterol and sugar, which has a beneficial effect on the digestive system. Ancient Eastern healers called mucus one of the structural substances of the body. However, its excess has an extremely negative effect on health.

Need for mucus

Entering the body with food, mucus is exposed to enzymes and transformed into glucose. This substance is used by the body as a source of energy for the brain, and also as a raw material for the production of glycogen. The mucus produced by the body itself has a different fate. Most catabolic and anabolic processes proceed with its participation. And interestingly, the production and absorption of this substance causes a change in the number of leukocytes in the blood formula.

If we talk about the daily human need for mucus, then, first of all, it is important to recall that this substance belongs to the group of starchy carbohydrates. All calculations are based on this. On average, an adult person needs 5-6 g of carbohydrates per kilogram of weight per day. Which products should serve as sources of the substance are decided individually, based on the needs of a particular organism.

Meanwhile, for those with indigestion, ulcers or gastritis, too fast metabolism, and any problems associated with the mucous membranes on the body, it is better to make the carbohydrate part of the diet from "mucous" food.

In contrast, minimizing dietary mucus is important for people whose bodies are overproducing their own reserves of the gel-like substance. If this is not done, inflammation is possible.

Functions in the body

All the mucus contained in the human body can be divided into useful and bad. Useful covers the internal organs, serves as a lubricant for the joints, is part of saliva, urine, bile. In the human body, mucus is found in various systems and organs. In the oral cavity, for example, they act as a barrier against bacteria and damage, and protect the teeth from those food particles that can damage the enamel. The mucus contained in the stomach protects the walls of the organ from the aggression of gastric juice, promotes faster digestion of food. Distributed along the intestinal walls, the mucous substance prevents constipation and improves the absorption of nutrients by the intestinal walls. In the pancreas, sputum stimulates the production of secretions.

Normally, mucus is regularly excreted from the body, while cleansing the body of toxins, toxins, and metabolic products.

Lack and excess of mucus: which is worse

Violation of sputum secretion usually occurs in weakened organisms, against the background of malnutrition, smoking, inflammatory processes. Lack of carbohydrate foods in the diet leads to different consequences. One of them is an underestimated level of the mucous substance in the body, and this is fraught with all sorts of disorders. One of the first sputum deficiency will be felt by the digestive system. Other signs are also possible: weakened immunity, lack of energy, loss of strength.

The mucous substance that enters the body in excess, on the psycho-emotional level, can cause depression or apathy, provoke weight gain, cause inflammation, and disrupt digestion.


Excess mucus can accumulate in the stomach, nasopharynx, bronchi, lungs, and maxillary sinuses. However, do not be afraid: excess sputum can always be removed from the body.

How to remove excess mucus from the body

To maintain health, “waste” mucus must be regularly excreted from the body. If for some reason this process is too slow, you can try to activate it. To do this, it is important to introduce as many raw fruits and vegetables into the diet as possible, to refuse junk food. Ginger tea (1 teaspoon per 500 ml of boiling water) or water with lemon juice also helps to remove excess phlegm from the body.

Lemon juice (from 5 fruits) mixed with 150 g of chopped horseradish (drink a teaspoon twice a day) will help get rid of unnecessary mucus in the stomach. You can easily clean the intestines from sputum with a regular enema.

Gargling with herbal infusion will come to the aid of the nasopharynx. To do this, mix 2 parts of eucalyptus, linden flowers, chamomile and 1 part of flax seeds. Pour one tablespoon of the mixture with a glass of boiling water and rinse several times a day for 14 days.

For smokers, asthmatics, and people with chronic bronchitis, it is important to regularly clear mucus from the bronchi and lungs. This will help infusion of aloe and honey, which should be taken three times a day for a teaspoon (the proportion of honey to juice is one to five). You can also drink teas and do inhalations using an expectorant herbal collection. For these purposes, plantain leaves, lungwort, elderberry, licorice, pine buds, fennel fruits are suitable.

The so-called pine milk effectively removes mucus from the respiratory organs. To prepare it, you will need green pine cones and a piece of coniferous resin. This coniferous set is poured with milk, boiled and infused for 4 hours in a thermos. Take twice a day for a glass. In addition, there are special breathing exercises that will help get rid of excess sputum in the lungs.

To remove mucus from the maxillary sinuses, you can use inhalation, steam baths and rinsing the nose with a solution of sea salt.

Sources of mucus

Traditional medicine actively uses recipes using plants rich in mucus. Usually it is marshmallow (root), flax and quince seeds, plantain (leaves), rye, lyubka, orchis, coltsfoot. In more modern recipes, laminaria (seaweed) is rich in mucus and other useful substances.

Medicinal plants and their tinctures are not a unique way of consuming the slimy substance. Many of the foods we are used to (vegetables, fruits, cereals, seeds) contain mucus in high concentrations. These are seaweed, oysters, milk, pork meat, legumes, rice, oatmeal, pasta, mushrooms, melon, pumpkin, bananas, potatoes.

In addition, you should be aware that some foods contribute to the formation of sputum in the body:

  • milk, cheeses, dairy products;
  • rice;
  • cereals;
  • sweet;
  • fish;
  • meat products;
  • bird.

Remove excess mucus will help:

  • legumes and cereals (lentils, green peas, beans, rye, buckwheat, barley);
  • vegetables (different types of cabbage, beets, parsley, onions, carrots, garlic, cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin, radish, asparagus);
  • fruits, berries (citrus fruits, peaches, pears, grapes, pineapples);
  • honey;
  • nuts, seeds;
  • dried fruits;
  • vegetable oils;
  • spicy herbs.

Slimes in plants

In plants, slimes are formed due to the degeneration of cells and intercellular substance. However, they are often formed, so to speak, according to the design of nature and are a useful substance for the growth and development of the plant. For example, the slime that coats flax seeds allows these small particles to attach to the ground and stay in the soil even during windy conditions. In other plants, mucus serves as a "lifeline" in arid conditions. A prime example of this is cacti. Their jelly-like pulp protects plants from excessive moisture loss.

There are several options for the accumulation of mucus in plants. This substance can be concentrated in:

  • roots;
  • leaves;
  • seeds;
  • on the bark and wood of fruit trees.

In some representatives of the flora, the concentration of mucus in different parts of the plant varies depending on the season. For example, in some, mucus in maximum concentration is produced exclusively in the autumn months and only in the root part. Such a change in the structure of the plant leads to a seasonal phase of wilting. There are plants in which mucus in the maximum amount appears only during the period of seed ripening. It is in them that the reserves of the viscous substance are concentrated.

This substance serves as the basis for various drugs. For industrial purposes, slimes are obtained by dissolving them in water, and "slimy" plants are usually harvested in dry weather. When dried, the mucus takes the form of translucent colorless lumps.

Use in pharmacology

Plants containing mucus are used as raw materials for medicines for inflammation of the respiratory tract and cough. Especially effective drugs with mucus for diarrhea and bleeding of various etiologies. Digestive disorders, gastritis with high acidity and ulcers are also treated with the use of slimy plants. Preparations from them have an enveloping effect, which helps protect damaged areas of the digestive tract from irritation. Mucous substances are effective in the treatment of skin lesions, including burns, eczema and other wounds.

Recipes for healing slime at home

From flax seeds

Flax seeds are 6 percent slime, which is concentrated on the outer shell seed. A slimy infusion is prepared from whole seeds, which are poured with boiling water in a ratio of 1: 30. The vessel with the mixture is tightly closed and shaken for a quarter of an hour. The liquid is then passed through a double gauze to separate the seeds.

A ready-made infusion in alternative medicine is used to treat diseases of the digestive and cardiovascular systems, diabetes and hormonal disorders. It relieves swelling and helps to get rid of excess weight. In cough it is used as an expectorant. Most often, flaxseed mucus is used to treat gastritis, ulcers, constipation, to improve intestinal motility and protect the mucous membrane of the digestive tract.

Marshmallow Root

To prepare this medicine, you need 1 part marshmallow root and 20 parts water at room temperature. The liquid should be infused for about half an hour, stirring. Then, without squeezing, decant the finished mixture into a clean vessel. For the correct preparation of the medicine, it is important to know that marshmallow draws a significant amount of water. For example, filling a plant with 100 ml of liquid, the output will be about 20 ml less.

The slimy substance obtained from the marshmallow root has an enveloping effect, and is effective in inflammation of the mucous membranes in the body. It is used for acute respiratory viral infections, pneumonia, tracheitis, bronchitis. By the way, the well-known cough medicine "Mukaltin" was created from the extract of medicinal marshmallow.

From plantain seeds

This infusion is prepared based on a ratio of 1 to 10. The seeds of the plant are poured with boiling water and, as in the case of flax, continuously shaken for 15 minutes.

The finished medicine is used for various types of constipation and for diarrhea. In alternative medicine, psyllium seeds are known as a remedy for stomach ulcers, gastritis, colitis, and other digestive disorders. Folk healers use an infusion of psyllium seeds to treat depression,110 infertility, painful menstruation, and menopausal syndrome in women.

From quince seeds

One part of intact quince seeds is poured with 50 parts of cold water. The vessel with the mixture is tightly closed and shaken for about 5 minutes. They do this in order to separate the mucus that covers the outer part of the seeds. Then the liquid should be passed through a gauze sieve. Mucous medicine is ready for use.

A slimy infusion of quince seeds is used as a laxative and enveloping agent. It is effective for colitis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, dysentery. In addition, it is used as an expectorant and for sore throats. In some countries, baldness is treated with quince slime.

Orchid root

Orchid (salep) is specific in that the root of this plant combines two polysaccharides - mucus and starch. The crushed raw materials should be poured with cold water in a ratio of 1 to 100. This will turn out a “cocktail” of swollen polysaccharides. If you take hot water instead of cold water, then the starchy substance gelatinizes, and the mucus is better separated.

Raw materials for this medicine are best collected during July-August, when the orchis ends its flowering period. It is better to give preference to young tubers.

Salep mucus is an effective remedy for coughs and sore throats. In the form of compresses, it is used to treat abscesses. In addition, it is a general tonic and tonic, useful for nervous disorders, disorders of the reproductive system. It is necessary for people after bleeding and to relieve intoxication. Salep mucus promotes faster hair growth.

The human body is an intelligent mechanism that can cleanse itself of harmful substances. Excess mucus, under normal circumstances, our body is also able to excrete on its own. However, sometimes there are times when the body needs help, and now you know how, with what and when to help it.

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