sparing diet

How to lose weight without harming your body is perhaps the most popular query in search engines today. Intrusive advertising tempts with offers to lose 10-20 kg in a few days without any effort. To do this, you just need to include the recommended product in your diet, drink a magic pill or taste divine nectar while eating ambrosia. All these miracles, of course, can be purchased right now on the advertiser's website.

It is not surprising that the vast majority of users turn to proven methods. But how to choose from a wide range of various diets the one that does not require huge material costs, will help get rid of a few kilograms, maintain and improve your own health?

Losing weight and adopting healthy eating habits will help a sparing diet, which is fully true to its name. The domestic method attracts those who lose weight with its simplicity and efficiency, allowing you to keep the acquired forms for a long time without exhausting the body with debilitating starvation.

What is the essence of a sparing diet

The system of nutrition, known today under the name "ShchD Diet" was developed by domestic scientists, in particular, gastroenterologist Dr. Pevzner. The first domestic nutritionist became a victim of repression in the middle of the last century, and his clinic was disbanded. Nevertheless, the fruits of the work of the author of the methodology were not lost, and after the debunking of the cult of personality, they went beyond the hospital walls.

Pevzner's therapeutic nutrition exists today in several versions, each of which is given the name "table" and a serial number for ease of classification. Depending on the presence of certain diseases and the characteristics of the patient's body, his optimal diet is compiled.

All types of bland diets have simple requirements in common:

  • avoiding processed foods and fast food;
  • Eating foods that are easy to digest, maximally minced, boiled or steamed;
  • avoidance of excessively hot and excessively cold food;
  • reduced consumption of salt, spices and flavorings;
  • complete exclusion of products that stimulate the central nervous system (alcohol, energy drinks, coffee, strong tea );
  • ban on flour and confectionery products;
  • split meals 5-7 times a day.

In order for food to become a real medicine, it is necessary to understand that fasting does not solve health problems and excess weight. The essence of a sparing diet is to create an individual menu with a minimum load on the gastrointestinal tract and the body as a whole.

Therapeutic sparing diet

Dr. Pevzner's technique is used by medical and health institutions during the postoperative period, to treat acute diseases and alleviate the course of chronic ones.

The general requirements for all types of sparing diets are the same, but the daily menu of patients can vary significantly depending on the diagnosis, the severity of the disease and its type (acute or chronic). The duration of the diet and the energy value of the diet also varies and is approved by the attending physician based on the available indications.

Indications Nutritional features Daily menu calories
Gastric ulcer or exacerbation of peptic ulcer, chronic gastritis with high acidity Moderate portions, excluding foods that increase gastric secretion; reducing the load on the intestines and the likelihood of mechanical damage to the walls of the gastrointestinal tract; food as minced as possible, heat-treated 2300-2600 kcal
Chronic gastritis with low acidity or colitis, postoperative period and recovery after infectious diseases Fractional nutrition, excluding sauces, spices and other irritants; food that increases secretion and restores the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract; products are ground and boiled, baked or steamed 2400-2800 kcal
Partial intestinal obstruction, constipation Eating foods rich in fiber and enhancing gastrointestinal motility; exclusion of food that can cause bloating, gas formation, the occurrence of fermentation and putrefaction processes in the intestines 2500-2900 kcal
Chronic colitis, acute gastrointestinal disease, diarrhea Provides a low-calorie diet with reduced intake of fats and carbohydrates ; a strict ban on salt, sugar and spices; temporary avoidance of any stimuli, including hot, cold, solid and spicy foods 2000 kcal
Liver disease and gallbladder (hepatitis, cholecystitis, cirrhosis, cholelithiasis) Exclusion of foods containing cholesterol, purines, essential oils andextractives; a ban on cold and fried foods; the diet is based on sources of fiber, pectins and lipotropic substances 2500-2900 kcal
Urolithiasis, gout Restrictions in the use of products containing purine, oxalic acid, meat and fish; food is boiled or steamed without the use of salt; it is recommended to drink more fluids 2400-2700 kcal
Disorders of the kidneys and metabolism, prevention of nephritis and edema Fractional meals with restrictions on the use of protein foods and salt; minimum amount of fluid 2500 kcal
Obesity, metabolic disorders Low-calorie a menu that reduces the intake of carbohydrates, salt and animal fats ; addition of fiber-rich foods 1800-2000 kcal
Type 2 diabetes mellitus Strict observance of the diet, the exclusion of sugar-containing products; moderate or reduced intake of animal fats and carbohydrates 2400-2600 kcal

Diet, sparing the stomach, provides for fractional meals in small portions 4-6 times a day and does not allow dishes that can cause chemical or mechanical damage to the gastrointestinal tract. The food consumed should be neutral in taste, at room temperature, crushed and thoroughly cooked.

A sparing diet for weight loss

The need for a diet in the presence of problems with the gastrointestinal tract is obvious and beyond doubt. Healthy people who are overweight are worried about whether it is possible to lose weight with a sparing diet and which one to give preference to.

Based on the health-improving methods "Table 1" and "Table 8", a sparing diet for weight loss was compiled for people with gastrointestinal diseases and metabolic disorders. The optimal duration of the diet is 7-10 days, after which you can find indicators on the scales that are 3-6 kg less than the original ones.

The daily diet of an adult weighing 70-80 kg as part of a sparing diet should be varied and may consist of the following products:

  • non-carbonated drinking or mineral water - 1.5-2 l;
  • cereal porridges on water ( oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, rice ) – 150-200 G;
  • bread or breadcrumbs of all kinds, except for products made from white flour - 50-100 g;
  • lean meat and seafood - 100-200 g;
  • skimmed milk or kefir - 0.2 l;
  • egg - 1 pc. Two times per week;
  • vegetables (fresh, boiled, steamed) - 300-500 g;
  • unsweetened fruits - 1-2 pieces;
  • vegetable oil - no more than 2 tsp.

The average daily calorie content of such a menu is 2000-2500 kcal. If a person's weight is below the above indicators, it is recommended to exclude bakery products or cereals. At a weight above 80 kg, cereals rich in fiber should be added. Weight loss occurs due to the rejection of harmful foods and a decrease in portions of food consumed.

This technique does not cause harm to the body, so there are sparing diets designed for a month (celery diet, buckwheat, Mediterranean, etc.).). According to reviews, depending on the program chosen, you can lose up to 12 kg per period, with virtually no restrictions.

You can repeat a weekly sparing diet no more than once every 1-2 months, a repeated course of a diet for 30 days can be completed only after six months.

How to make a gentle menu for the week

Healthy people who do not have special indications for following a particular program should first of all pay attention to balance diet. The body must receive in the required amount proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Otherwise, any restrictions will entail unpleasant consequences in the form of a food breakdown and weight gain.

An example of a one-day menu for a sparing diet for a week:

  • breakfast - soft-boiled egg, porridge with milk without sugar, weak tea or a drink from chicory ;
  • lunch - baked unsweetened apple, a glass of juice;
  • lunch - soup with vegetable or lean meat broth, whole grain bread, freshly squeezed juice with pulp;
  • afternoon snack - a glass of fat-free kefir with unsweetened fruit or 100 g cottage cheese ;
  • dinner - steamed fish with vegetables, tea with milk.

Fasting during a light diet is strictly contraindicated, but small meals should be taken every 4-5 hours to avoid acute hunger. The first meal should take place within an hour after waking up in order to "start" the metabolism. Before going to bed, you can drink a glass of milk or juice diluted with water.

Recipes for a gentle diet

If you have kitchen appliances that allow you to grind food to a homogeneous mass, it is not difficult to follow a diet that is gentle on the stomach. However, even without the right equipment, you can cook delicious and varied delicate dishes from the available ingredients.

Rice puree soup recipefor several servings will require the presence of 100 g of round rice, 2 eggs, 2 glasses of milk and 20 g butter. Cooking technology:

  • boil the rice to a sticky mass and strain it;
  • add 6 tablespoons of boiled rice to the rice broth obtained after straining and additionally boil over low heat;
  • add milk and egg, cook for another 2-3 minutes;
  • remove from heat, garnish with herbs.

In the summer season of abundance of fruits and vegetables, lovers of tasty and healthy snacks will love natural smoothies, which are also easy to make yourself and take with you. There are many combinations of fruits and dairy products, but there are also purely dietary vegetable options for losing weight.

A popular pumpkin smoothie recipe will not only saturate, but also delicately cleanse the body. To prepare it, it is necessary to clean and beat the following ingredients in a blender:

A sparing diet refers to those methods when you can and should eat not only healthy, but also tasty. In order to diversify the daily diet, it makes sense to refer to the diet recipes "Table 1". Almost any dish can be steamed or baked in the oven, which will increase its nutritional value and taste.

Efficacy of a soft diet

Before proceeding to assess the effectiveness of the methodology, it is necessary to draw the attention of losing weight to the fact that, like any diet program, a soft diet requires a smooth exit. In the case where a constant diet is recommended, proper nutrition should be part of everyday life.

The advantages of a sparing diet include the absence of severe restrictions and contraindications, smooth weight loss up to 7 kg in 10 days and up to 12 kg in a month, individual selection of the optimal diet, balanced nutrition without overloading the gastrointestinal tract, the possibility of using drug treatment, accelerating recovery after past illnesses and alleviating chronic exacerbations.

A sparing diet is not stressful for the body, so moderate exercise and wellness treatments will also benefit. It should be noted that such a diet takes time from a week to a month, so you need to stock up on considerable patience so that efforts are not in vain.

Any restrictions during pregnancy and lactation are contraindicated. Young and elderly people can lose weight only after consulting a nutritionist, if available.dietary indications.

Sources
  1. Zavistovskaya A. A. - Dietary nutrition for various diseases. - 2003
  2. Marshak M. S. - Dietary nutrition. – M.: Medicine, 1967