Vitamins for blood vessels

Vascular vitamins are low molecular weight substances that supportnormalblood circulation. These compoundsstrengthenthe walls of capillaries, reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the blood, improve the elasticity of arteries and veins, reduce spasm of smooth muscles (as a result of which the lumen of the vessels increases), eliminate tissue hypoxia, protectmembranesof cells from free radicals.

Why strengthen the vessels?

Blood vessels are hollow tubular formations through which blood moves throughout the body: from the heart to the organs (through the arteries) and in the opposite direction (through the veins).

Moreover, not only the supply of cells with nutrients, but also the regulation of tissue respiration depends on the state of the capillaries. However, as a result of age-related changes, the vessels lose their elasticity and smoothness, stopresponding adequatelyto changes in blood flow intensity. At the same time, blood circulation is disturbed, venous valves weaken, “bad” cholesterol accumulates on the walls of the arteries, and the inner surface of the capillaries is damaged. These processes underlie the development of many diseases (varicose veins, hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis, hemorrhoids, heart attack, paralysis, ischemia, thrombosis, phlebitis).

In addition, external factors worsen the structure of capillaries: malnutrition, bad habits, stress, physical inactivity, overweight, hypovitaminosis, lack of water in the diet.

Symptoms of "bad" vessels:

  • cold fingers and toes;
  • bloodeffusionson the eyeball;
  • motion sickness;
  • spider veins on the face, rosacea;
  • fainting, dizziness;
  • intolerance to hot weather;
  • headaches;
  • darkness in the eyes with a sharp change in the position of the head;
  • pressure drops;
  • epistaxis;
  • weather sensitivity;
  • palpitations;
  • tinnitus.

If at least one of the above symptoms is present, it is important to urgently consult a phlebologist or vascular surgeon (to locate “weak” capillaries).

Vitamins for strengthening blood vessels

To slow down age-related changes in the body, it is important to take vitamin complexes regularly. This will help minimize the risk of developing serious diseases: myocardial infarction, stroke and thrombosis of "deep" arteries, which progress intensively every year.

What vitamins do vessels need?

  1. Vitamin A (retinol). Prevents cell damage by free radicals, improves the structure of the venous wall, accelerates the natural renewal of the elastic layer of capillaries, maintains the tone of the vascular bed.
  2. ​​

Daily value - 3 - 7 milligrams.

Retinol is found in carrots, parsley, pumpkin, sorrel, spinach, tomatoes, apricots, plums, blackberries

  1. Vitamin E (tocopherol). It reduces the intensity of cholesterol accumulation on the vascular walls, accelerates the resorption of formed blood clots, increases the barrier functions of cell membranes, strengthens the heart muscle (myocardium), reduces blood viscosity, enhances the strength and elasticity of capillaries. The physiological need for tocopherol is 20 milligrams.

Vegetable sources - sprouted grains, nuts, green vegetables, vegetable oils, cereals, seafood.

  1. Vitamin P ( bioflavonoids, rutin). It increases the elasticity of blood vessels, reduces the permeability of the capillary network (for the penetration of pathogenic bacteria), enhances the antioxidant properties of vitamin C, andstrengthens the walls of arterioles and venules.

To prevent age-related vascular changes, take at least 60 milligrams of vitamin P per day.

The highest concentrations of flavonoids are found in chokeberry, currant, rosehip, cranberry, green tea, citrus fruits.

  1. Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid). It prevents the destruction of the inner wall of capillaries (due to the neutralization of free radicals), eliminates oxygen starvation of cells, strengthens the connective tissue of large arteries, improves the tone of the vascular bed, stimulates the synthesis of collagen and elastin, and prevents the accumulation of cholesterol.

The daily value is 1500 milligrams.

Ascorbic acid is found in cranberries, black currants, sauerkraut, spruce needles, parsley, citrus products.

  1. Vitamin B9 (folic acid). It improves the elasticity of arteries and veins, normalizes homocysteine ​​metabolism (violation of which leads to damage to the inner wall of capillaries), enhances platelet aggregation, and prevents stenosis of coronary vessels.

Daily serving - 0.4 milligrams.

Folic acid is combined with chicken liver, spinach, broccoli, nuts, egg yolks, soybeans, parsley, sunflower seeds (raw), bran.

  1. Vitamin B3 (niacin). Improves capillary blood circulation (especially in peripheral organs), strengthens the walls of blood vessels, accelerates the excretion of "bad" cholesterol (together with choline and inositol ).

Vitamin B3 is taken at a dosage of 20 milligrams per day.

Food sources: mushrooms, liver, beets, buckwheat, rye bread.

  1. Vitamin B5 (pantothenate). Regulates the processes of hematopoiesis, increases the tone of veins and arteries, improves the functioning of the heart muscle, reduces the concentration of homocysteine ​​in the blood.

Daily serving - 5 milligrams.

The nutrient is present in legumes ( lentils, peas, beans, peanuts ), nuts (hazelnuts, walnuts ), leafy greens (spinach, lettuce, cilantro), rye bread.

  1. Vitamin F (linolenic, arachidonic, linoleic acids). Protects the inner surface of arteries from damage, thins the blood, reduces the synthesis of "bad" cholesterol, participates in the synthesis of cellular hormones (prostaglandins, thromboxanes), restores tone to the heart muscle.

Take at least 1,000 milligrams of vitamin F per day to improve vascular structure.

To improve the cardiovascular system, along with vitamins, it is important to take micro- and macronutrients ( magnesium, zinc, selenium, calcium, copper, chromium ).

Folk remedies in the fight against varicose veins

thrombosis, phlebitis). These ailments are characterized, includingby excessive expansion of the superficial capillaries (due to the loss of elasticity of the venous walls and valves). The first sign of varicose veins is swelling of the legs after exercise or walking. At the same time, vascular stars, blue-burgundy spots and painful seals may appear on the skin of the thighs, legs and feet. In some cases, spasms occur in the calf muscles (especially at night). In the absence of qualified treatment, varicose disease transforms into a severe pathology: thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, varicose eczema, trophic ulcer.

To increase the elasticity of veins and activate blood flow in the extremities (at the initial stage of varicose veins), along with vitamins, folk remedies are used.

Recipes for "homemade" remedies for leg vessels:

  1. Tincture to strengthen the veins. The components of the composition are cranberries (1 kilogram), black radish (0.5 kilograms), red beets (0.5 kilograms). These ingredients are ground (in a meat grinder, grater or blender) and mixed thoroughly. The plant mixture is placed in a three-liter jar and poured with 500 milliliters of alcohol (30%). After that, the jar is corked with a lid, tied with a thick cloth and placed in a dark place. After 14 days, the infusion is filtered, poured into a glass jar, put in a refrigerator.

The composition is taken 2 times a day, 40 milliliters 20 minutes before meals.

  1. Ointment to reduce the clinical manifestations of varicose veins (pain, inflammation, swelling, burning). The composition of the remedy includes crushed fruits of horse chestnut (5 parts), sage grass (1 part), chamomile flowers (1 part). Dry ingredients are mixed with 30-50 milliliters of hot chicken or pork fat, and then infused in a cool place for 8-9 hours.

The ointment is applied to inflamed dilated veins for 30 to 40 minutes once a day.

  1. Means for stimulating blood circulation, strengthening venous vessels, preventing varicose veins. Chopped nutmeg (2 - 3 grams) pour 200 milliliters of boiling water, leave for 10 - 15 minutes. Add 15 milliliters of flower honey to the prepared mixture.

The composition is taken at 70 milliliters twice a day: one hour before breakfast and 1.5 hours after dinner.

In addition, for the prevention of vascular pathologies, you can use purchased nutmeg (ground). The daily portion of seasoning (in dishes) is 1 gram.

  1. Compress for reducing pain and toning superficial capillaries. Grate 2-3 young potatoes on a fine grater. Then put the mass on a gauze cut (thick layer) and attach to the damaged vessels. Secure the compress with an elastic bandage. The duration of the procedure is 1 hour.
  2. Remedy for spider veins on legs. An excellentangiprotective effect is possessed by freshly cut heads of cabbage. To strengthen the vessels, a whole leaf of a vegetable is applied to the affected areas for 6 to 8 hours (at night). Fix the "compress" with a bandage or a thick cotton sock.

Remember, “treating” veins at home is permissible only at the initial stage of the disease. Folk remedies cannot replace full-fledged medical therapy.

Vitamin complexes

vascular complexes. This recommendation is especially relevant for people leading a sedentary lifestyle: office workers, hairdressers, surgeons.

The best vitamins for veins and blood vessels:

  1. Doppelherz Vip Cardio System-3 (Queisser Pharma, Germany). It is a rich vitamin-mineral complex, the action of which is aimed at improving lipid metabolism, strengthening the venous wall, normalizing the tone of the vascular bed, and enhancing the nutrition of the heart muscle.

The daily portion of the supplement is divided into 3 multi-colored capsules: orange (“Morning”), yellow (“Day”), brown (“Evening”). The first one contains 8 vitamins ( B1, B2, PP, H, B5, B6, B9, B12 ), 2 phospholipid (inositol and choline), 1 macronutrient (magnesium). The second consists of vitamin E and polyunsaturated fats omega-3. The third capsule (“Evening”) contains trace elements (zinc, iodine, chromium, selenium), antioxidant vitamins (C, E, A), lecithin, isoflavones.

The drug is taken three times a day, 1 capsule of the corresponding color. The course of therapy is 2 months.

  1. Sophora and Vitamins for Vessels (OOO Soik, Russia). Therapeutic and prophylactic composition for improving cerebral and peripheral circulation, reducing capillary permeability, increasing vein elasticity, preventing strokes and heart attacks. The preparation includes 7 vitamins (B2, PP, B6, B9, B12, E, C), 6 minerals (magnesium, zinc, chromium, manganese, copper, selenium,), 3 plant extracts (Japanese Sophora, garlic, ginkgo biloba).

Take 1 capsule twice daily with food.

  1. Healthy Heart (Natural Care, USA). A powerful phytoformula for the prevention and treatment of vascular atherosclerosis, oxygen starvation of tissues, heart failure, venous congestion in the lower extremities. The complex includes plant extracts (hawthorn grass and flowers, turmeric root ), vitamins (A, C, E, B12, B9, B6, PP, B2, B1), amino acids (taurine, betaine, L-carnitine ), minerals (selenium, zinc, magnesium, chromium), flavonoids (coenzyme Q10).

For cardiovascular health, take 2 capsules daily (after breakfast).

  1. Venatol (Art Life, Russia). Effective "vitamins" for leg vessels with anti-inflammatory, venotonic, neuroprotective and antithrombotic effects. Bioadditive includes vitamins (P, C, E), plant extracts (horse chestnut, ginkgo biloba, willow), bioflavonoids (rutin, quercetin, hesperidin), minerals (zinc, silicon ), amino acid (L -glutathione), enzyme (bromelain).

Take 2 tablets 3 times a day with meals.

  1. Long Life (Vitaline, USA). Antioxidant composition aimed at neutralizing oxidative stress in the vascular wall, increasing the elasticity of arteries and veins, improving blood parameters, preventing complications of atherosclerosis (strokes, heart attacks, obliterating endarteritis). Active ingredients - bioflavonoids (quercetin, hesperidin), vitamins (E, A, C, N ), herbal extracts (green tea, milk thistle, turmeric, blueberries, bioperine), trace elements (zinc, selenium), aminosaccharide (glucosamine).

Long Life is taken 1-2 times a day, 1 capsule.

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Remember, in addition to taking nutritional supplements to increase vascular tone, it is important to drink at least 2.5 liters of fluid per day (in addition to coffee, tea and first courses).

Conclusion

Vascular vitamins are organic compounds aimed at supporting the functional activity of the cardiovascular system. These substances increase the elasticity of the capillary wall, accelerate the dissolution of exogenous cholesterol, improve blood rheology, reduce the risk of vein thrombosis, and protect the inner surface of arteries from damage.

The main nutrients for blood vessels are vitamins P (quercetin, rutin, coenzyme Q10), B (niacin, pantothenate, folic acid, thiamine), C (L-ascorbic acid), A (lycopene, beta-carotene) and E (alpha, beta and gamma tocopherols).

For preventive purposes, vitamins, macro- and microelements are obtained from plant foods (nuts, unrefined oils, seafood, sprouted grains, sauerkraut, rose hips, currants). However, when the first symptoms of weakening of arterioles and venules appear (nosebleeds, sudden fainting, pressure drops, feeling cold in the limbs, dizziness), drugs and venotonics are introduced into the daily menu (as prescribed by a doctor). In addition, to alleviate the condition, it is advisable to use folk remedies (anti-inflammatory compresses, venotonic infusions, angioprotective mixtures).