Vitamins for nails

Vitamins for nails - substances that are "responsible" for the strength, color and integrity of the keratinized layers of the dermis. In addition, they activate lipid metabolism in the skin, stimulate the synthesis of collagen and elastin fibers, protect the epithelium from aggressive environmental influences, improve the condition of the mucous membranes, stabilize cell membranes, participate in the differentiation of body tissues, support the work of endocrine glands.

If vitamins are contained in the human body in sufficient quantities, the nails have an even smooth structure, a pale pink color, without burrs and cracks. In case of a shortage of "building materials", the stratum corneum exfoliates, crumbles, deforms, and changes color.

Consider what nutrients are needed to build beautiful nail plates and the most effective vitamin complexes.

Why do we need vitamins?

The main building component of nails is keratin ( a protein that gives them hardness and strength). However, the formation of a complete protein is impossible without vitamins, amino acids, micro- and macronutrients. Therefore, a deficiency of essential substances in the body is a common cause of a violation of the structure of the horny cover: delamination, thinning, deformation, color changes.

Essential Nutrients:

  1. Vitamin A (retinol, beta-carotene). Participates in the processes of growth and differentiation of epithelial tissue. If at the stage of laying the nail the body is deficient in vitamin A, the horny plates develop thin and deformed. The physiological requirement for adults is 5 milligrams per day.
  2. Vitamin B1 (thiamine). Stimulates the production of the main "building material" of the nail - keratin. The daily norm is 1.5 milligrams.
  3. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin). Accelerates the delivery of nutrients to the nail matrix and hair follicles. In addition, riboflavin is involved in the construction of thyroid hormones, the health of which depends on the condition of the skin. The daily portion is 1.8 milligrams.
  4. Vitamin B3 (PP, nicotinamide, niacin). Improves blood flow in the capillaries of the microvasculature, dilates peripheral vessels, accelerates the regeneration of the nail plate. The need for niacin varies from 18 to 20 milligrams.
  5. Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid). Improves the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates in the dermis, normalizes the lipid balance in the root layer. The daily norm is 5 milligrams.
  6. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). Participates in the metabolism of lipids and nucleic acids, maintains the natural level of skin moisture. The daily requirement is 2 milligrams.
  7. Vitamin B7 (H, biotin). Responsible for the shine and strength of nails, is involved in the synthesis of collagen and elastin. To strengthen the plates consume 0.05 milligrams of biotin per day.
  8. Vitamin B9 (folic acid). Accelerates the regeneration of the cornea, improves the structure of hair and nails, prevents the thinning of the plate. The daily requirement for folic acid is 0.4 milligrams.
  9. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin). Stimulates the division of epithelial cells, is "responsible" for a healthy nail color. The optimal daily dose is 0.003 milligrams.
  10. Vitamin E (tocotrienol, tocopherol). Protects nails from the harmful effects of the environment (high temperatures, light, dust), retains moisture in the cuticle. To prevent changes in the skin, consume 25 milligrams of tocopherol daily.
  11. Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid, calcium ascorbate). Accelerates the "leveling" of the plate, restores the natural color, increases the strength of nails, improves microcirculation in the skin, increases the bioavailability of essential substances. The daily norm is 1000 - 1500 milligrams.

In addition, to strengthen the stratum corneum, it is important to consume calcium, silicon, iodine, zinc, magnesium, selenium, fluorine and iron.

Signs of vitamin deficiency

Considering that beriberi is primarily displayed on the condition of the nails, it is important to know which nutrient deficiency led to a change in the structure of the plates.

Consider the most common problems:

  1. Dryness of the plate, brittle nails, hangnails. These violations indicate a deficiency of the following nutrients: vitamins A, E, B12, calcium, magnesium, iodine.
  2. Thinning of the nail. The reason for the small layer of the stratum corneum is the lack of B vitamins, iron, copper, zinc, iodine and selenium.
  3. Horizontal or vertical striations, no pit on the plate. A clear sign of lack of iron and vitamin C.
  4. Separation of nails, whitish inclusions on the plate. Such problems "speak" of an acute shortage of zinc, magnesium and vitamin C.
  5. Raised nails. Waves, embossing and grooves on the nails occur due to a deficiency of B vitamins.
  6. Gray-yellow color of the plate in combination with transverse or longitudinal stripes. This "symptom" signals a lack of vitamin B3 and selenium in the body.
  7. Slow growth. An indicator of vitamin A deficiency, manganese or zinc.
  8. Frequent fungal attack. This symptom indicates the predominance of pathogenic flora in the digestive tract.

To compensate for the deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body, and, consequently, improve the appearance of nails, it is advisable to use nutritional supplements.

Vitamins for strengthening nails

The main "builders" of nails are vitamins B, A, C, E, as well as calcium, zinc, copper, iron, selenium, iodine, magnesium. Read the ingredients! These substances, without fail, must be present among the active components of therapeutic agents.

Vitamin complexes for nails:

  1. Lady-S formula "For nails, hair and skin" (PharmaMed, USA). Natural vitamin and mineral complex, enhanced with herbal extracts. The composition of the drug includes 32 components that improve the structure of nails, accelerate metabolic processes in the skin, prevent hair loss, strengthen collagen and elastin fibers. The supplement is taken 3 times a day, 1 tablet with meals.
  2. Alphabet Cosmetic (Akvilon, Russia). A rich multi-component composition to strengthen nails and hair. The supplement contains 13 vitamins (B1, B2, PP, B6, H, B9, B10, B12, A, K, D, E, C), 10 micro and macro elements (magnesium, manganese, selenium, iodine, zinc, chromium, calcium, silicon, iron, copper), 3 plant extracts (green tea, grape seed, turmeric), 1 natural polysaccharide (inulin), bioflavonoids (ubiquinone).

A feature of the complex is the distribution of the daily norm of substances into tablets of various colors (green, yellow, red). The pills are consumed at intervals of 3-5 hours (so that the components of the supplement do not neutralize each other's action). Separate use of tablets increases the absorption of nutrients and reduces the risk of developing allergic reactions.

Alphabet Cosmetic is taken 3 times a day, 1 capsule of a different color (in any order). If the recommended regimen has been violated, then the missed pill is taken together with the next one.

  1. Vitrum beauty (Unipharm, Russia). Multivitamin complex for flaking thin nails, split ends, "problem" skin. The drug includes vitamins (B, A, C, E), micro and macro elements (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, manganese, iodine, selenium, boron ), amino acids ( cysteine ​​, methionine ), enzyme (papain), plant extract (horsetail), citrus bioflavonoids. In addition to strengthening hair and nails, the supplement increases the immune status of the body. "Vitrum Beauty" is taken with meals, 2 tablets once a day. With severe hypovitaminosis, the daily dose is increased to 3 tablets.
  2. Doppelherz Beauty “To strengthen nails” (Queisser Pharma, Germany). The supplement consists of 4 essential elements for nails: biotin, folic acid, cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), calcium. The drug is aimed at strengthening the matrix, accelerating the growth of plates, preventing brittleness and delamination. Dosing schedule: 1 tablet daily with food.
  3. Nail, Hair and Skin Treatment (Nature Made, USA). Organic supplement based on biotin, vitamin C, zinc, copper and beta-carotene. With the course reception of the complex, the nail root is strengthened, the relief of the plate is leveled, its natural color is restored, and the burrs disappear. Directions for use: 1 tablet daily after breakfast.
  4. Perfectil (Vitabiotics, UK). Universal vitamin and mineral preparation for maintaining the beauty of the outer integument of the body. Each capsule of the composition contains vitamins B, C, D, A, E, micro and macro elements (calcium, iron, iodine, magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, silicon, selenium, chromium), plant extracts (echinacea, burdock), amino acid (cystine).

"Perfectil" is effective in severe hypovitaminosis, accompanied by increased fragility of the plates, dry skin, deterioration of the hair structure. The supplement is taken mainly in the autumn-winter period, 1 tablet per day (after meals).

Remember, vitamin complexes are taken in courses (2-3 times a year), lasting 1-2 months. The duration of the intake and the type of drugs are prescribed by the doctor based on the state of health, the presence of concomitant diseases.

Vitaminized varnishes

To improve the structure of nails, along with oral vitamins, medicinal varnishes are used.

Consider the best products for strengthening the plates:

  1. “Vitamin C peeling nail polish” (Belweder Nord, Latvia). A new generation drug without formaldehyde, toluene, dibutyl phthalate and camphor. The composition is enriched with argon oil, panthenol, vitamins A, C, B5 and E. With regular use of varnish, nails stop exfoliating, their structure evens out, and a natural shine appears.
  2. Opti Grow nail growth activator (Limoni, France). Means for accelerating the growth of the horny cover, thickening thinned plates, restoring the natural shine. Contains vitamins E, C, K, extracts of vegetables and algae, amino acids. The activator is used as a base for colored varnish.
  3. 8 in 1 nail regeneration preparation (Eveline, Poland). Treatment based on the innovative Strong Nail complex, diamond powder and a plasticizer. Thanks to a carefully selected composition, the varnish thickens nails in 2 weeks, gives them matte and hardness, evens out the structure, and eliminates “wavyness”.
  4. Calcium Shield Calcium Nail Treatment (Orly, USA). A therapeutic preparation for strengthening thin plates, stimulating growth, preventing delamination. The calcium base is suitable as a base coat (to protect the plates from "overprinting" varnishes), and as a finishing agent (to fix the color).
  5. Smart enamel. Heterogeneous nail corrector (Frenchi, USA). The active components of the composition are wheat proteins, aloe vera, calcium. The product is intended for healing brittle, thinned and ribbed nails. Enamel gently fills the recesses of the heterogeneous plate, preparing it for the application of varnish.

Remember, medicated lacquers are used for a minimum of 21 days, reapplying every 2 days.

What do nails tell us?

Considering that the pathologies of the internal organs “change” the appearance of the projection zones, one can judge the problems present in the body by the state of the external integument.

Let's consider what health disorders a change in the color of the nails signals:

  1. Gradient staining of the plate (from light to dark). Pathology, in 70% of cases, indicates renal failure. If you find such a symptom, immediately consult a nephrologist.
  2. A bluish-violet tint. An indicator of heart failure, chronic lung pathologies, and in infants, congenital heart disease. If only the base of the nail turns blue, then diabetes mellitus can be assumed.
  3. Yellow coloration (in combination with thickening and crumbling of the plate). Such problems "talk" about the defeat of the fungal invasion. Sometimes the yellow color of the plate is a harbinger of gallbladder dysfunction, cerebrovascular accidents, diseases of the thyroid and pancreas. Along with this, the color of the cover can change with smoking and alcohol abuse.
  4. White nails. This defect indicates dysfunction of the adrenal cortex.
  5. Black shade of nails. A clear sign of brachial artery thrombosis or diabetic gangrene.
  6. Yellow spots on the plate. An indicator of dysfunctions of the respiratory system or fat metabolism in tissues.
  7. Bright red color. Scarlet plates are a characteristic symptom of chronic erythremia (leukemia).
  8. The gray tone of the plate. Nails are painted in this color due to infection with malaria.

What does a change in the structure of the nail indicate:

  1. Waves, protrusions, embossing. The ribbing of the plate occurs due to hormonal disruptions, thyroid dysfunction, disorders of the digestive tract, and chronic stress. In addition, in 10% of cases, nail deformity indicates psoriasis.
  2. Bulges and transverse depressions. An indicator of the presence of a bacterial infection in the body.
  3. Inclusions of holes and longitudinal grooves. Such deformities occur due to diseases of the small intestine or spleen.
  4. Striae without inclusions. Indicator of pathology of the intestinal tract.
  5. White dots. Inclusions present on the entire surface of the nail signal excessive calcium deposition in the lungs or kidneys.
  6. Brittleness, delamination, roughness. The main reason for such problems is an acute deficiency of vitamins (A, B, C, E) and minerals (calcium, zinc, iron, iodine). If replenishing the nutrient deficiency has not brought the desired effect, you need to check the ovaries.
  7. Absence of holes at the base of the plates. Pathological change of the nail, indicating a pre-emic condition (due to a prolonged lack of vitamin C). In addition, the disappearance of the "crescent" may indicate a pathology of the thyroid gland or heart neurosis.
  8. The nail fold is swollen. Swollen reddened skin around the nails signals systemic autoimmune diseases, in particular lupus erythematosus.
  9. Concavity of the central part of the plate against the background of its excessive flatness. Signs of severe beriberi or anemia.
  10. Thickening with deformation and yellowing. Cumulative sign of plate fungus (mycosis).

Interestingly, nails can also “report” about a person's recovery. When the body is on the mend, the plates acquire a healthy pale pink color, and their structure becomes smooth and even.

Conclusion

Nails, like any external organ of the body, need systematic care and protection. To maintain their strength, smoothness and shine, essential substances are needed (vitamins B, A, C, E, zinc, iron, calcium, silicon, selenium, iodine, copper). Given that the nails are fed "from the inside" (through the blood vessels), a deficiency of nutrients in the body is fraught with a violation of the structure of the horny cover (deformations, discoloration, delamination, brittleness). To eliminate such problems, the daily menu is enriched with “vitamin” products (seeds, nuts, cottage cheese, berries, fruits, herbs, vegetables, kefir, cereals, fish). In addition, in winter and spring, it is advisable to use food supplements and therapeutic varnishes (courses).

Remember, changes in the condition of the nails signal an “unbalance” of the body. At the slightest change in color, structure or shape of the plates, it is necessary to conduct an initial self-diagnosis. After that, contact a therapist for further correction of the disorder.

Nails, like the skin, are the first “organs” that testify to the presence of hidden diseases in the body. Do not wait for further manifestations of the symptoms of the disease, the problem is easier to prevent and eliminate in the early stages than to treat it in a neglected state.