Vitamins for nursing mothers - organic substances that provide vital processes in the body of a woman and fetus. They are irreplaceable, since they are almost not synthesized by the cells of the internal organs. Vitamins are an important component of biological catalysts (hormones and enzymes), which are the strongest regulators of metabolic reactions in the body.
The birth of a child is a significant event in the life of every woman. However, after carrying a baby, the mother's body is especially sensitive to nutrient deficiency and is on the verge of hypovitaminosis. There is a need to recuperate after pregnancy and before lactation.
To prevent vitamin insufficiency, it is extremely important for a nursing woman to eat well. Due to the mass chemicalization and industrialization of agriculture in the twentieth century, the amount of nutrients in the soil decreased by 70%. As a result, the biological value of plant and animal products has decreased by 4 times (according to the experiments of V. Dadali and R. Piskoppel, conducted in 2004 in Spain). Therefore, even a balanced menu cannot 100% satisfy the body's daily need for nutrients. To solve these problems, a woman should additionally take vitamin complexes.
What nutrients are needed for lactation?
During breastfeeding, the baby's need for nutrients is compensated by the mother's supply of essential substances in milk. At the same time, vitamins of group B, A, E, C and D are “used up” especially quickly, as a result of which there is an acute shortage of them.
Functions and norms of consumption of these elements:
- Vitamin A (retinol, beta-carotene). Participates in the formation of bone tissue, visual reflexes and skin of the baby, improves the functional state of the dermis, hair and nails of a woman. The daily norm is 1.8 - 4.5 milligrams.
- Vitamin D (cholecalciferol). Mineralizes the bones and rudiments of teeth in an infant, optimizes the functioning of the heart muscle, and prevents the occurrence of rickets. The daily dose for breastfeeding mothers is 0.01 milligrams.
- Vitamin E (tocopherol, tocotrienol). Controls the synthesis of lactation hormones, regulates the work of the pituitary gland and sex glands. The daily requirement varies from 12 to 15 milligrams per day.
- Vitamin C (calcium ascorbate). Strengthens the immunity of mother and child, improves the absorption of micro- and macro elements, potentiates the synthesis of steroid hormones. During lactation, it is important for women to consume at least 90 milligrams, and preferably 1.5 grams of organic vitamin C per day, divided into 6 to 8 doses.
- Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid). Stabilizes blood pressure, regulates blood circulation, normalizes the digestive tract, participates in fat, carbohydrate and protein metabolism. When breastfeeding, the mother's body should receive 18-23 milligrams of nicotinic acid.
- Vitamin B1 (thiamine). Participates in the laying of the receptor structures (conducting) of the child's nervous system. The daily requirement is 15 - 25 milligrams.
- Vitamin B2 (riboflavin). growth factor. Potentiates the development of the skeleton, muscle tissue, brain of the child. Along with this, riboflavin supports the nervous system of the mother. The daily norm is 2.2 milligrams.
- Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). Participates in the formation of the nervous system of the baby, including the development of the brain and spinal cord. In addition, the nutrient "controls" the processes of hematopoiesis and the synthesis of pituitary hormones. It is important for a nursing woman to consume at least 2.2 milligrams of pyridoxine per day.
- Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). Supports the proper functioning of the nervous, digestive and hematopoietic systems (mother and child). The daily norm is 0.004 milligrams.
Correct ontogeny of a child is impossible without essential micro and macro elements (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron and iodine).
What are they for?
- Calcium. Participates in the construction of bone tissue, brain, skin, visual apparatus of the baby. Regulates the mother's heart rate, prevents the risk of osteoporosis, strengthens tooth enamel. For a nursing woman, the daily norm is 1200 milligrams.
- Phosphorus. Participates in the mechanisms of energy exchange in the cell, is part of the bone tissue. The daily dose of the nutrient is 1.8 milligrams.
- Magnesium. Regulates the work of the nervous system (infant and mother), participates in the construction of the baby's bone connective tissue. It is important for a nursing woman to consume 450 milligrams of magnesium per day.
- Iron. Responsible for the transport of oxygen to the tissues and organs of the child. Moreover, the level of hemoglobin in a baby directly depends on the concentration of iron in the mother's body. The daily norm is 25 milligrams.
- Yod. Participates in the formation of thyroid hormones, improves mental activity, prevents the development of anomalies in infants. During pregnancy and breastfeeding consume at least 0.2 milligrams of iodine per day.
- Zinc. Strengthens the bone skeleton of the child, protects the thyroid gland from the damaging effects of free radicals, potentiates the synthesis of insulin. The daily norm is 25 milligrams.
Thus, each nutrient performs its “mission” in the body of the mother and child. The lack of any of them does not pass without a trace: the woman's health worsens, the development of the baby slows down, hair begins to fall out, teeth crumble, chronic fatigue, headaches, depression, loss of appetite, and nervousness occur.
Which vitamins to choose?
Today, the pharmacological industry produces a wide range of dietary supplements and vitamin-mineral complexes for nursing mothers.
- Vitrum Prenatal Forte. It is an improved formula from Vitrum supplemented with iodine. The complex includes 12 vitamins, 9 micro and macro elements. The drug is indicated for pregnant and lactating women from the first day of lactation (especially with low hemoglobin levels and persistent beriberi). Take the supplement once a day, 1 capsule.
- "Elevit Pronatal". Vitamin and mineral complex, including 12 vitamins, 4 macroelements and 3 microelements. Given that the drug contains an increased dosage of magnesium, it is advisable to use it to improve the functioning of the woman's cardiac and nervous systems. At the same time, there is no iodine in the composition of the supplement, as a result of which there is a need for an additional intake of a microelement. Elevit Pronatal drink one tablet 15 minutes after breakfast.
- "Pregnavit". The components of the supplement are vitamins A, B, PP, E, D3, C, iron, calcium. The composition of the drug does not include iodine, zinc, copper, phosphorus and magnesium. Take care of their additional reception.
Pregnavit is taken 1-3 times a day (depending on the condition of the mother).
- Alphabet "Mom's health". The drug contains a full range of substances necessary for a nursing woman (13 vitamins, 11 micro and macro elements, organic acid taurine).
A distinctive characteristic of the drug is the division of tablets into groups, depending on the ingredient composition. At the same time, each category of pills "corresponds" to a certain color: blue, red and white. The components are selected in such a way as to enhance the beneficial properties of each other. Alphabet take 1 tablet of each color three times a day.
- "Complivit Mom". The composition of the supplement includes almost all the nutrients necessary for a woman (with the exception of iodine). However, the low content of vitamins D and A does not allow the use of the drug during the first 3 months of feeding. Complivit is taken 1 tablet 1 time per day.
- "Femibion Natalker 2". The drug is a saturated multivitamin, divided into 2 forms of release (tablets and capsules). The first composition contains 10 vitamins and iodine, the second contains tocopherol and docosahexaenoic acid ( omega-3 ). Given that the composition of the drug does not include fat-soluble vitamins (A and D), the complex can be taken throughout the entire period of lactation. Femibion is taken once a day after meals (together a tablet and a capsule).
Vitamins are washed down with 200 milliliters of pure water. The duration of the course depends on the state of health of the woman.
What vitamins are best suited for a pregnant and lactating woman is determined by the doctor, individually, based on the clinical history, taking into account the region of residence, diet.
Recommendations for the intake of complexes
After the birth of a child, women, in 80% of cases, are prescribed vitamin supplements.
Suggestions for use:
- When breastfeeding, take vitamins only after consultation with your doctor. Although supplements are available over-the-counter, it is important to identify the type of nutrient deficiency. Based on the symptoms and results of the anamnesis, a woman is prescribed a mono-drug, a mineral complex or a multivitamin composition. In addition, the gynecologist individually adjusts the duration and regimen of medication.
- If the mother develops rashes on the body, itching, burning or swelling of the tissues during the use of the vitamin complex, then the drug is canceled. If the recommendations are ignored, the child develops colic, diathesis, seborrhea, nervous irritability, and sleep disturbances. Further consumption of vitamin products is possible only under the supervision of a physician.
- Drinking nutrients during the entire period of lactation is highly undesirable. To make up for the vitamin deficiency, a short-term course (20-30 days) is sufficient. If necessary (persistent avitaminosis), the therapy is repeated after a ten-day break.
- If a woman has chronic pathologies of the liver, kidneys, gallbladder or thyroid gland, vitamins are taken only as prescribed by a gynecologist, under the supervision of a doctor.
- Nutritional supplements are best taken in the morning after a meal (on a one-time basis).
- It is acceptable for seaside residents to take formulations without iodine.
A competent approach to prescribing and taking vitamin complexes will ensure the full development of the baby, as well as preserve the health and beauty of a nursing mother.
Vitamin deficiency in a woman during lactation
Considering that after childbirth the body of a young mother is extremely weakened, the first signs of vitamin deficiency appear already a month after the start of breastfeeding.
Symptoms of vitamin deficiency:
- fragility and separation of nails;
- pale skin, dry mucous membranes;
- impaired breathing, heart rate, concentration, sleep;
- thinning and hair loss;
- deterioration of psycho-emotional state, depression;
- numbness in joints and muscles;
- digestive disorders;
- tooth decay (caries).
If these symptoms appear, immediately consult a gynecologist. The doctor, after conducting a laboratory study, identifies vitamin deficiency. After the diagnosis is established, the patient is prescribed an oral multivitamin. In advanced cases, when the body does not respond to non-specific methods of compensating essential substances, drugs are administered intramuscularly or intravenously.
If beriberi is not controlled for a long time, lactation may stop.
Remember, the lack of nutrients in the mother's body is fraught with the development of pathologies in the child: growth retardation, mental decline, improper bone formation.
Common myths about vitamins
As practice shows, gynecologists are most often asked questions not about breastfeeding, but about the effect of vitamin complexes on baby health.
Consider the most common myths.
Myth No. 1 “It is important for breastfeeding mothers to consume several vitamin complexes”
Breastfeeding increases the need for vitamins B, A, E, C, D, polyunsaturated fats, micro and macro elements. Given that a balanced diet covers 70% of the daily "needs" of the body, it is enough to take one multivitamin composition (as prescribed by a gynecologist).
Myth No. 2 “If you do not consume nutrients during lactation, breast milk will be “empty”
This theory is based on the opinion that the composition of breast milk is determined by the diet of the mother. However, this is not so, even with poor nutrition, the lack of vitamins and minerals is instantly compensated for by the resources of the female body. At the same time, the concentration of nutrients in milk remains stable (up to 2 years).
Myth No. 3 “You can choose vitamins for lactation yourself”
It is better not to do this (to avoid allergies). Vitamins for nursing mothers are prescribed by a gynecologist, taking into account the state of health, place of residence, type of vitamin deficiency and diet. This approach will help to avoid overdose and lack of individual substances that lead to slower growth and development of the baby.
Myth #4 “Vitamins are important to take throughout lactation”
Perhaps this is the most common misconception. To replenish the reserves of essential substances, vitamins are drunk in short courses (according to the scheme indicated by the gynecologist). The average duration of therapy varies from 20 to 30 days. A week later, the treatment is repeated (if necessary).
If pharmacological complexes are used constantly, in 80% of cases, symptoms of hypervitaminosis develop (diarrhea, rashes on the body, headache, insomnia, hair loss). In addition, an excess of fat-soluble substances (A, D, E) is fraught with dysfunctions of the urinary system, increased bone fragility (osteoporosis), and an increase in blood pressure.
Myth No. 5 “The amount of breast milk directly depends on the intake of multivitamins”
The amount of nutrient fluid is not affected by the mother’s diet, including the intake of biological complexes. Milk is formed by lactocytes (breast cells) from the blood and lymph, under the action of the sex hormone prolactin. You can increase the daily portion of the nutrient fluid by applying the baby to the breast more often (to stimulate the "factor that inhibits lactation").
Vitamins for moms “in products”
A balanced diet during lactation is a guarantee of good health for mother and child.
]). A natural source of easily digestible protein, essential fats, vitamins D, B, E and A. To prevent allergic reactions, the product is consumed in moderate dosages - 35 grams per day (maximum 350 grams per week). In addition, low-fat varieties of fish are introduced into the mother's diet: pike perch, hake, cod.
In addition, breastfeeding mothers should drink at least 2.5 liters of pure water throughout the day.
During breastfeeding, a woman “loses” a huge amount of essential substances. As a result, in 70% of mothers, immunity decreases, fatigue increases, irritability increases, and the appearance of the skin deteriorates. To prevent such dysfunctions, it is important for women "in an interesting position" and women in labor to eat well. The diet should include fish, meat, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, berries, eggs. At the same time, allergenic foods are excluded from the daily menu (chocolate, tropical fruits, strong broths, peanuts, canned food, sausages, smoked foods, confectionery, alcohol, exotic dishes).
In addition, to prevent vitamin deficiency, pregnant and lactating women are shown additional intake of multivitamin complexes, the type and duration of which is determined by the doctor based on the state of health, place of residence and season.