Vitamins for the liver

Vitamins for the liver are low molecular weight substances that support the full functioning of the hepatobiliary system. These compounds accelerate the regeneration of damaged tissues, normalize the secretory-evacuation function of the gallbladder, transform free radicals into safe products, improve metabolism, enhance the hepatoprotective effect of herbal ingredients.

To maintain the ability of the liver to heal itself, it is important to take a vitamin complex 1-2 times a year.

Why does the liver need nutrients?

The liver is the most important gland of the digestive system, on the state of which the work of all internal organs depends. It performs about 500 vital functions, and more than a trillion biochemical reactions (per second) take place in its parenchyma.

The main “tasks” of the liver are to cleanse the blood of exogenous and endogenous toxins, activate bile acids, regulate metabolism, produce protective immunoglobulins, store glycogen, and metabolize nutrients. However, under the influence of damaging factors (bad eating habits, drug intoxication, parasitic invasions, congestive inflammatory processes), metabolic and recovery reactions are disturbed in the gland, as a result of which harmful poisons settle in the tissues of the organ. This phenomenon serves as a trigger for the development of various functional disorders (hormonal failures, autoimmune diseases, endocrine disorders, digestive pathologies).

Signs of liver slagging:

If any of these symptoms are present, it is important to start detoxification measures immediately.

For this, water is introduced into the diet (2.5 liters per day), pectin sorbents, hepatoprotective and vitamin complexes. In addition, to diagnose the pathological process, they turn to a gastroenterologist.

What vitamins should I pay attention to?

Remember, even with severe destruction, the liver does not hurt (due to the lack of nerve receptors). Therefore, do not bring the body to self-destruction, it will not “ask” for help.

Conduct prophylactic courses regularly twice a year.

To improve the exchange and recovery processes in hepatocytes, it is important to saturate the body with essential substances.

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What vitamins are good for the liver?

  1. Vitamin A (retinol). Participates in the processes of deposition of glucose (in the liver), regulates the production of cholesterol, accelerates the regeneration of cellular structures (including hepatocytes), and stimulates bile secretion. The daily norm is 0.7 milligrams.

Fat-soluble nutrient found in orange fruits and vegetables, root vegetables, leafy greens, dried fruits.

Attention, retinol preparations can only be taken after consultation with a therapist (since they, in 50% of cases, have a toxic load on the body).

  1. Vitamin E (tocopherol). It maintains the integrity of liver cell membranes (due to the transformation of free radicals into safe compounds), stimulates the synthesis of dolichols (cells that accelerate the regeneration of hepatocytes), controls the production of sex hormones, and regulates lipid metabolism. The physiological need for a substance is 25 milligrams.

Tocopherol is found in wheat germ, dairy products (cheese, cottage cheese ), eggs, unrefined vegetable oils (pumpkin, flax, soy, camelina).

  1. Vitamin K (phylloquinone). Improves blood clotting, accelerates the regeneration of liver tissue, stimulates bile secretion.

Food sources - spinach, cabbage, eggs, lettuce, milk, blackberries, rowan, corn, mint, wild rose.

The requirement for the substance varies between 0.1 and 0.3 milligrams. If hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver is present, the daily dose of the substance is increased to 0.4 - 0.5 milligrams.

  1. Vitamin C (L-ascorbate). Reduces the risk of developing fatty liver (by reducing low-density lipoproteins), prevents the destruction of hepatocytes (by neutralizing free radicals), increases the bioavailability of vitamins A and E. For the full functioning of the body, consume 1500 milligrams of L-ascorbic acid per day (divided into 7 tricks).

The antioxidant is found in sauerkraut, rose hips, parsley, cranberries, lingonberries, citrus fruits (without heat treatment).

  1. Vitamin B1 (thiamine). Accelerates the removal of excess lipids from the liver, participates in the synthesis of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, stimulates the restoration of cellular structures. The physiological need for the element is 1.1 milligrams per day. With a prolonged lack of a substance in the body, in 70% of cases, liver failure develops.

Thiamin is concentrated in wheat sprouts, bran, seeds (sesame, sunflower), leafy greens (parsley, dill, cilantro), hazelnuts, cereals (green buckwheat, brown rice ).

  1. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin). Stimulates the secretion of bile, accelerates the recovery processes in the liver cells, participates in the formation of glycogen, protects the gland from oxidative stress. The daily norm is 1.3 milligrams. Natural sources - almonds, eggs, buckwheat, cottage cheese, milk, meat.

Remember, uncontrolled intake of riboflavin leads to fatty liver.

  1. Vitamin B4 (choline). Reduces the concentration of harmful triglycerides (low density) in the gland, restores cell membranes (after inflammatory diseases), lowers blood cholesterol levels, increases bile secretion, improves lipid metabolism. For the full functioning of the gland, it is important to consume at least 500 milligrams of the nutrient per day.

Foods rich in choline - egg yolk (soft-boiled), cottage cheese (fatty), cheese, dates (unprocessed), sour cream.

  1. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). Regulates enzymatic reactions, improves the contractile-evacuation function of the gallbladder, prevents the accumulation of triglycerides in the liver, and inhibits the formation of homocysteine ​​(toxic metabolic metabolites). Daily rate - 2 - 5 milligrams.

Pyridoxine is found in nuts (hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts ), eggs, seafood ( shrimp, fish, oysters), vegetables ( potatoes, cabbage, tomatoes), legumes ( beans, lentils, soybeans).

  1. Vitamin B8 (inositol). It activates lipid metabolism, dissolves excess cholesterol, facilitates the outflow of bile, strengthens hepatocyte membranes, and prevents the development of liver cirrhosis. The daily dose in inositol varies from 1000 to 1500 milligrams.

The nutrient is found in wheat bran, oatmeal, peanuts, wild rice, cabbage, carrots, raisins, lentils, grapefruit, green peas.

  1. Vitamin N (lipoic acid). Regulates lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, improves the nutrition of nerve cells, restores hepatocyte membranes, neutralizes toxic metabolic products, prevents fatty degeneration of the liver (by increasing the synthesis of protective lipoproteins and normalizing enzyme activity). For the prevention of functional disorders, they consume 50-75 milligrams of the substance per day, and for the treatment of metabolic disorders - 200-400 milligrams.

Lipoic acid is concentrated in brown rice, lentils, green buckwheat, oatmeal, flax seeds, meat, white cabbage, spinach.

It is important to consume magnesium, zinc, copper and selenium to improve liver function.

Vitamin preparations

For the prevention of disorders of the hepatobiliary system, it is important to regularly consume vitamin complexes (2 times a year).

TOP-5 best drugs for the liver

  1. Liver active Nutrilite (Amway, Russia). Combined phytocomplex to improve metabolic processes in the gland and prevent congestion in the hepatobiliary system. The composition of the drug includes plant extracts (milk thistle, dandelion, acerola), vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B12), citrus flavonoids ( lemon, grapefruit).

The complex is taken 2 times a day, 1 capsule.

  1. Liver Optimizer (Jarrow Formulas, USA). An organic multicomponent composition aimed at detoxifying the organ, normalizing metabolic processes in hepatocytes, increasing bile secretion. The preparation includes herbal extracts (milk thistle, Japanese coptis, purslane), vitamins (B1, B6, B7, N), amino acid (L-cysteine).

Dosing schedule: 1 tablet per day 5-15 minutes before meals.

  1. Hepatrin (Evalar, Russia). A biologically active food supplement that has hepatoprotective, choleretic, detoxifying and antioxidant effects on the digestive tract. Active components are vitamins (E, B1, B2, B6), herbal extracts (milk thistle and artichoke ), phospholipids (lecithin).

Hepatrin is taken 1 capsule twice a day (10 minutes before breakfast and dinner).

  1. “Heparosis forte” (Rodnik zdorovya, Russia). A powerful phytocomposition for restoring liver function (especially after hepatitis), normalizing the composition of bile, stopping inflammation in the gland (with dyskinesia, cholecystitis, parasitosis). The supplement contains 6 plant extracts (dandelion, grape seed, saltwort, corn stigma, milk thistle, rosehip), 11 vitamins (A, E, C, D3, PP, H, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, B12 ), 7 minerals (zinc, manganese, calcium, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium ).

When the liver cannot cope with the toxic load, carcinogens enter the bloodstream without purification.

The drug is consumed three times a day, 1 capsule (during the meal).

  1. Hepaton-2 (Art Life, Russia). Natural multicomponent composition that improves detoxification, metabolic and exocrine functions of the liver. In addition, the drug stimulates anaerobic metabolic processes, increases the blood supply to internal organs, reduces the concentration of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, increases the regeneration of damaged tissues, and stabilizes the activity of the endocrine glands. The components of the preparation are vitamins (A, B1, B2, B5, B6, D3, N, B7, B9, B12, PP, C, E), plant extracts (saltwort, helichrysum, volodushka, yarrow, mint, burdock, beet, rosehip, St. John's wort, dandelion, tansy), amino acids (L-glutamine, glutathione, methionine), phospholipids (lecithin). Reception schedule: 2 tablets twice a day for 5 - 20 minutes before meals.

The period of the greatest activity of the liver is from February 10 to May 18. To obtain the maximum "effect", the selected composition is taken over the specified period.

Common misconceptions about the liver

Myth No. 1 “If you do not abuse alcohol, the liver will be fine. Vitamins are not needed ”

An erroneous opinion, since fatty high-carbohydrate foods, fast food and sweets harm the gland no less than alcohol. To utilize "heavy" food, the body increases the synthesis of enzymes, which leads to a change in the composition of bile, a violation of the production of pancreatic juice, an overload of hepatic cells with triglycerides.

With regular intake of junk food, low-density lipoproteins gradually accumulate in the body, forming fatty hepatosis (fatty degeneration). Against the background of liver infiltration, an inflammatory process (steatohepatitis) develops, accompanied by partial death of hepatocytes. If the pathology is not stopped for a long time, the hepatic tissue is replaced by connective tissue, a precursor of cirrhosis, fibrosis, develops.

In addition, the functional state of the gland deteriorates due to the use of synthetic drugs, inhalation of carcinogenic substances (nicotine, insecticides, paints), pathogenic invasions (viruses, bacteria, fungi) entering the body.

To accelerate the recovery processes in the gland, it is important for every person to consume vitamin complexes for the liver.

Myth No. 2 “Hepatoprotective supplements should be taken only for pain in the right hypochondrium”

A common misconception. Given that there are no pain receptors in the liver parenchyma, even serious diseases (hepatitis, tumors), in 80% of cases, are asymptomatic. Pain in the right side signal "problems" with the biliary system or pancreas. To restore hepatocyte membranes (at different stages of damage) during the three spring months, it is advisable to take hepatoprotectors.

Myth No. 3 “Phytosupplements will “cope” with any liver disease”

This is not true. Vitamin complexes are not an alternative to medical treatment, but an addition to it. These compositions are used for the prevention and correction of minor functional disorders of the hepatobiliary system (cholecystitis, dyskinesia, inflammation, transient toxicosis, pancreatitis). In severe organ damage (hepatosis, cirrhosis, hepatitis, fibrosis), supplements are taken in conjunction with drug therapy.

Myth No. 4 “The liver needs to be cleaned regularly”

A dangerous delusion. If the liver is healthy, it is able to cleanse itself. Procedures aimed at emptying the gallbladder (tubage, probing) can only be carried out after consultation with a gastroenterologist and undergoing an ultrasound examination. Otherwise, it is possible to provoke the movement of stones, which, when they enter the bile duct, damage its inner surface. At the same time, a person experiences unbearable pain (since the gallbladder is dotted with pain receptors).

Remember, the liver should not be cleansed, but “feeded” with hepatoprotectors!

Conclusions

Liver vitamins are essential nutrients for maintaining a healthy hepatobiliary system. These substances accelerate the restoration of hepatocyte cell membranes, improve metabolic processes in the gland, increase the rate of enzymatic reactions, enhance bile secretion, and protect cells from oxidative stress. The main vitamins for the liver are B1, B2, B4, B6, B8, A, C, E, K, N.

The following symptoms “indicate” functional disorders of the digestive gland: belching after eating, bitterness in the mouth, allergic reactions, skin rashes, dark circles under the eyes, depression.

To improve the functioning of the digestive gland, at least once a year (in spring), multicomponent complexes (“Hepatrin”, “Hepaton-2”, “Heparosis forte”, “Liver Optimizer”) are drunk.

A pleasant “bonus” of consuming such supplements will be smooth, uniform skin, fresh breath and good mood!

Sources
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  1. Mary Den Eads. – Vitamins and Minerals: Complete Medical Reference / Mary Den Eads. – M.: Set, 2015. – 504 p.
  2. Morozkina T. S. - Vitamins: A brief guide for doctors and students / Morozkina T. S., Moiseenok A. G. - Mn.: Asar LLC, 2002. - 112 p.